Spanish Grammar For Dummies
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Spanish verbs fall into different groups, and each group is conjugated a little differently. If you’re going to master Spanish verbs like ir, you need to be able to identify which group a verb belongs to: regular (follows regular conjugation rules for -ar, -er, and -ir verbs), stem-changing (morphs depending on how you use it in a sentence), spelling-changing (has consonant-spelling changes in some forms to follow pronunciation rules), or reflexive (reflects the action back on the subject of the sentence).

But then there are those verbs that refuse to be lumped into a category: the irregulars. Other popular irregular Spanish verbs include ser, tener, dormir, and hacer. Ir (eer) (to go) is the ultimate irregular -ir verb; that’s all it is, i and r! It doesn’t follow most normal ending patterns, so your best bet is to just memorize its conjugations. Here it is in the present tense:

The Present Tense of Ir

Conjugation Translation
yo voy I go
tú vas You (informal) go
él/ella/ello/uno va He/she/one goes
usted va You (formal) go
nosotros vamos We go
vosotros váis You all (informal) go
ellos/ellas van They go
ustedes van You all (formal) go
The following examples show you ir in action:
  • Nosotros vamos al teatro a veces. (We go to the theater sometimes.)

  • Mi madre va al supermercado ahora. (My mother is going to the supermarket now.)

The following table shows you ir in the preterit tense. Think you’ve seen these conjugations before? You probably have; it just so happens that they’re also the preterit forms of the verb ser (to be). It may be confusing, but look on the bright side: It’s one fewer set of verbs you have to memorize.

The Preterit Tense of Ir

Conjugation Translation
yo fui I went
tú fuiste You (informal) went
él/ella/ello/uno fue He/she/one went
usted fue You (formal) went
nosotros fuimos We went
vosotros fuisteis You all (informal) went
ellos/ellas fueron They went
ustedes fueron You all (formal) went
You use the preterit tense like this:
  • Los turistas fueron al museo. (The tourists went to the museum.)

  • ¿Fueron ustedes al baile? (Did you go to the dance?)

Ir is one of only three irregular imperfect verbs. Here’s that conjugation; notice that, like regular verbs, the first-person and third-person singular forms (yo and usted) are the same.

The Imperfect Tense of Ir

Conjugation Translation
yo iba I used to go
tú ibas You (informal) used to go
él/ella/ello/uno iba He/she/one used to go
usted iba You (formal) used to go
nosotros íbamos We used to go
vosotros ibais You all (informal) used to go
ellos/ellas iban They used to go
ustedes iban You all (formal) used to go
Here are some examples of the imperfect tense:
  • Yo iba a Europa cada año. (I used to go to Europe every year.)

  • Nosotros íbamos a Chicago. (We used to go to Chicago.)

Good news! Ir is regular in the future tense, so you can apply the regular verb endings here.

The Future Tense of Ir

Conjugation Translation
yo iré I will go
tú irás You (informal) will go
él/ella/ello/uno irá He/she/one will go
usted irá You (formal) will go
nosotros iremos We will go
vosotros iréis You all (informal) will go
ellos/ellas irán They will go
ustedes irán You all (formal) will go
The following samples put the future tense to work:
  • Nosotros iremos a Orlando. (We will go to Orlando.)

  • Yo iré a tu casa esta tarde. (I will go to your house this afternoon.)

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