Conjugating the Spanish Verb Escuchar (to Listen) - dummies

Conjugating the Spanish Verb Escuchar (to Listen)

Spanish verbs fall into different groups, and each group is conjugated a little differently. If you’re going to master Spanish verbs like escuchar, you need to be able to identify which group a verb belongs to: regular (follows regular conjugation rules for -ar, -er, and -ir verbs), stem-changing (morphs depending on how you use it in a sentence), spelling-changing (has consonant-spelling changes in some forms to follow pronunciation rules), or reflexive (reflects the action back on the subject of the sentence).

Escuchar (ehs-koo-chahr) (to listen) is a regular verb of the ar persuasion, so its conjugation is pretty straightforward. Here it is in the present tense:

The Present Tense of Escuchar
Conjugation Translation
yo escucho I listen
tú escuchas You (informal) listen
él/ella/ello/uno escucha He/she/one listens
usted escucha You (formal) listen
nosotros escuchamos We listen
vosotros escucháis You all (informal) listen
ellos/ellas escuchan They listen
ustedes escuchan You all (formal) listen

The following examples show you escuchar in action:

  • Escucho su música con mucha atención. (I listen to his music with a lot of attention.)

  • ¿Escuchas la radio todos los días? (Do you listen to the radio every day?)

Need to know how to conjugate escuchar in another tense? The following tables show you the preterit, imperfect, and future forms.

The Preterit Tense of Escuchar
Conjugation Translation
yo escuché I listened
tú escuchaste You (informal) listened
él/ella/ello/uno escuchó He/she/one listened
usted escuchó You (formal) listened
nosotros escuchamos We listened
vosotros escuchasteis You all (informal) listened
ellos/ellas escucharon They listened
ustedes escucharon You all (formal) listened

Use the preterit tense like this:

  • Si escuchaste mi mensaje, sabrás la verdad. (If you listened to my message you will know the truth.)

  • Ellos escucharon el comentario y se fueron. (They listened to the comment and left.)

The Imperfect Tense of Escuchar
Conjugation Translation
yo escuchaba I used to listen
tú escuchabas You (informal) used to listen
él/ella/ello/uno escuchaba He/she/one used to listen
usted escuchaba You (formal) used to listen
nosotros escuchábamos We used to listen
vosotros escuchabais You all (informal) used to listen
ellos/ellas escuchaban They used to listen
ustedes escuchaban You all (formal) used to listen

Here are some examples of the imperfect tense:

  • Mis padres escuchaban boleros todos los sábados. (My parents used to listen to boleros every Saturday.)

  • Escuchábamos cuentos en la Navidad. (We used to listen to stories during Christmas.)

The Future Tense of Escuchar
Conjugation Translation
yo escucharé I will listen
tú escucharás You (informal) will listen
él/ella/ello/uno escuchará He/she/one will listen
usted escuchará You (formal) will listen
nosotros escucharemos We will listen
vosotros escucharéis You all (informal) will listen
ellos/ellas escucharán They will listen
ustedes escucharán You all (formal) will listen

The following samples put the future tense to work:

  • ¿Escucharás la radio este fin de semana? (Will you listen to the radio this weekend?)

  • Sí, escucharé la radio el sábado. (Yes, I’ll listen to the radio on Saturday.)