Intermediate Spanish: Forming Gerunds - dummies

Intermediate Spanish: Forming Gerunds

By Gail Stein

Part of Intermediate Spanish For Dummies Cheat Sheet

A gerund is a verb form ending in -ing that you sometimes use in the present progressive tense in Spanish. Although you’ve undoubtedly heard of the present tense, the present progressive is a tense that may be quite unfamiliar to you, even though you use it on a daily basis. Here are a few tips for forming gerunds in Spanish.

Here are a few examples of forming gerunds of regular Spanish verbs.

Ending Verb Example Meaning Gerund Meaning
-ar bailar to dance bailando dancing
-er comer to eat comiendo eating
-ir abrir to open abriendo opening

Now, check out how to form gerunds of -er or -ir verbs ending in a vowel.

Verb Example Meaning Gerund Meaning
caer to fall cayendo dancing
leer to read leyendo reading
oír to hear oyendo hearing
traer to bring trayendo bringing