Conjugating the Irregular Spanish Verb Venir (to Come) - dummies

Conjugating the Irregular Spanish Verb Venir (to Come)

Spanish verbs fall into different groups, and each group is conjugated a little differently. If you’re going to master Spanish verbs like venir, you need to be able to identify which group a verb belongs to: regular (follows regular conjugation rules for -ar, -er, and -ir verbs), stem-changing (morphs depending on how you use it in a sentence), spelling-changing (has consonant-spelling changes in some forms to follow pronunciation rules), or reflexive (reflects the action back on the subject of the sentence).

But then there are those verbs that refuse to be lumped into a category: the irregulars. In the present tense, venir (bvehn-eer) (to come) has an e-to-ie stem change in all but the yo, nosotros, and vosotros forms. The yo form is completely irregular. Here’s the present tense conjugation:

The Present Tense of Venir
Conjugation Translation
yo vengo I come
tú vienes You (informal) come
él/ella/ello/uno viene He/she/one comes
usted viene You (formal) come
nosotros venimos We come
vosotros venís You all (informal) come
ellos/ellas vienen They come
ustedes vienen You all (formal) come

The following examples show you venir in action:

  • Rodolfo y Marisol vienen de la playa. (Rodolfo and Marisol are coming from the beach.)

  • Yo vengo del auditorio. (I am coming from the auditorium.)

In the preterit, venir has an irregular stem: vin-. Notice also that it doesn’t have the accent marks regular verbs use in the preterit. Take a look:

The Preterit Tense of Venir
Conjugation Translation
yo vine I came
tú viniste You (informal) came
él/ella/ello/uno vino He/she/one came
usted vino You (formal) came
nosotros vinimos We came
vosotros vinisteis You all (informal) came
ellos/ellas vinieron They came
ustedes vinieron You all (formal) came

You use the preterit tense like this:

  • Nosotros vinimos tarde a la fiesta. (We came to the party late.)

  • ¿Vinieron ustedes temprano? (Did you come early?)

You’re off the hook with the stem change in the imperfect; venir conjugates normally in this tense. Check out the following table and examples.

The Imperfect Tense of Venir
Conjugation Translation
yo venía I used to come
tú venías You (informal) used to come
él/ella/ello/uno venía He/she/one used to come
usted venía You (formal) used to come
nosotros veníamos We used to come
vosotros veníais You all (informal) used to come
ellos/ellas venían They used to come
ustedes venían You all (formal) used to come

Here are some examples of the imperfect tense:

  • Veníamos al estadio por la mañana. (We used to come to the stadium in the morning.)

  • Vine sin mi pasaporte. (I came without my passport.)

Venir also has an irregular stem in the future tense: vendr-. However, it does use the normal future endings:

The Future Tense of Venir
Conjugation Translation
yo vendré I will come
tú vendrás You (informal) will come
él/ella/ello/uno vendrá He/she/one will come
usted vendrá You (formal) will come
nosotros vendremos We will come
vosotros vendréis You all (informal) will come
ellos/ellas vendrán They will come
ustedes vendrán You all (formal) will come

The following samples put the future tense to work:

  • Ellos vendrán a nuestra casa para la recepción. (The will come to our house for the reception.)

  • ¿Vendrás tú con tus padres? (Will you come with your parents?)