Rear Cameras and Portrait Lighting on the iPhone X
The iPhone X has not one but two rear cameras, and they work as a team. With this dual-camera system, you tap the 1x or 2x button on the iPhone display to switch from a 1x wide angle (28mm-equivalent focal length) to a 2x telephoto (56mm lens) shot or back.
You are taking advantage of the optical zoom feature on the phone, which is more of a big-deal benefit compared to digital zoom.
Of course, you can put the digital zoom to work here as well, to a max of 10x. You can employ the pinch to zoom gesture (at which you now excel). Or, after tapping to get to 2x with the optical zoom, slide your finger in either direction to zoom left or right.
Another benefit, and one of our favorite features, is a depth-of-field portrait mode, which lets you keep your main subject sharp and in focus while the background remains blurry but only in an artsy way. Photographers refer to this concept as bokeh. That’s what the shooting option Portrait, which appears on the Camera screen next to Video, Photo, Square, and so on lets you apply.
The X also boasts a feature called Portrait Lighting, which was still in beta when this book went to press. It works on the front and rear cameras. When you choose portrait mode on these phones, you can apply dramatic effects, either before or after you take a picture. It works like this: After you select Portrait, a wheel appears so you can choose effects labeled natural light, studio light, contour light, stage light mono, and stage light. This last setting, another of our favorites, is like applying a spotlight on the main subject of your photograph while the background remains otherwise dark. What’s more, Portrait Lighting on the X works on both the front and rear cameras.