Mac OS X Mountain Lion Server For Dummies Cheat Sheet - dummies
Cheat Sheet

Mac OS X Mountain Lion Server For Dummies Cheat Sheet

From OS X Mountain Lion Server For Dummies

By John Rizzo

Mac OS X Mountain Lion Server packs a lot of punch in a small package. You have a lot to keep track of, even when you have Mac OS X Mountain Lion Server For Dummies at hand. You need to remember certain key points when installing, configuring, and managing your server.

Important Mountain Lion Server Information to Save

Numbers and names help identify your server to the rest of the world. Keeping track of them can help if something goes wrong or if someone needs to take your place. Record the following Mac OS X Mountain Lion Server information and put it in a safe place:

  • ID numbers of the Mac hardware: You can find the MAC address (also called Ethernet ID) and the serial number in the System Information utility in /Applications/Utilities.

  • Administrator Account: Your short username and password that you use during installation. (If you’ve upgraded from Lion, the administrator account is already established.)

  • Internet addresses: Your router’s IP address, the IP range of your subnet, and the subnet mask. If your server is connecting directly to your Internet service provider, you may have a PPPoE account and password to record.

  • Static IP address of your server: Record for each Ethernet port.

  • Host name of your server: The server in or server.example.private.

Mountain Lion Server Port Numbers

If you are configuring port forwarding for a firewall or a router, you may need to know what port numbers OS X Mountain Lion Server uses for its services. The following table lists common default port numbers.

Service Port number Protocol
Apple File Service (AFP) 548 TCP
Apple Remote Desktop (Remote Management) 3283, 5900 TCP, UDP
Calendar Server 8008 TCP
Calendar Server using SSL 8443 TCP
HTTP (web service) 80 or 8080 TCP
HTTPS (secure web service via SSL) 443 TCP
Mail: IMAP 143 TCP
Mail: IMAP using SSL 993 TCP
Mail: POP3 110 TCP, UDP
Mail: POP3 using SSL 995 TCP, UDP
Mail: SMTP legacy SSL submission 465 TCP
Mail: SMTP standard 25 TCP, UDP
Mail: SMTP submission 587 TCP
SMB/CIFS (Windows file service) 161 TCP
SSH (Secure Shell) remote connection 22 TCP, UDP

Methods of Logging In Remotely to Mountain Lion Server

You can log in to and manage Mountain Lion Server from another computer, including from Windows and Linux computers, in several ways. With all these methods, you do not need to install anything on OS X Server:

  • Secure Shell (SSH) command-line connection from any computer

  • The Server app from another Mac running OS X 10.8

  • Workgroup Manager from another Mac running OS X 10.8

  • Remote control with VNC-compatible software from any computer.

  • Remote control with Apple Remote Desktop from a Mac on the network.

Mountain Lion Server Keyboard Tips for Windows Users

Mac users may be familiar with the keyboard and mouse actions used to administer Mountain Lion Server, but these techniques may be new to Windows users:

  • To right-click using a one-button mouse, hold down the Control key while clicking. To right-click with a two-button mouse, use the right button. If you are using a Mac notebook or an Apple Trackpad, click the trackpad with two fingers to right-click.

  • Windows users know that to make multiple selections in a list, they click the first item in the range to select it and then shift-click the last item in the range. All the items in between will be selected. What Windows users may not know is that they can Command-click to add items, in any order, to those they have already selected. They can also Command-click on selected items to deselect them.

  • The Mac Option key is also labeled Alt but isn’t always equivalent to the PC Alt. And the Mac Control key isn’t always the same as the Windows Ctrl key. For example, to copy a file, hold down the Option key when you drag and drop the file. (In Windows, you Ctrl-drag).

  • System Preferences is the rough equivalent of the Windows Control Panel. It holds settings (such as IP addresses) for the individual machine hosting the server.