Mac OS X Lion Server For Dummies Cheat Sheet - dummies
Cheat Sheet

Mac OS X Lion Server For Dummies Cheat Sheet

From Mac OS X Lion Server For Dummies

By John Rizzo

Mac OS X Lion Server packs a lot of punch in a small package. You have a lot to keep track of, even when you have Mac OS X Lion Server For Dummies at hand. You need to remember certain key points when installing, configuring, and managing your server.

Key Mac OS X Lion Server Information You Should Save

Complete information regarding every possible configuration for installing Mac OS X Lion Server would be overwhelming. Here’s the core information that everyone should have written down somewhere, both before and after you install Mac OS X Server:

  • Hardware numbers of the server Mac: Serial number and MAC address (also called Ethernet ID), found in the System Information utility in /Applications/Utilities.

  • Administrator Account info: Your short username password that you use during installation.

  • Internet connection information: Router’s IP address, the IP range of your subnet, and the subnet mask; PPPoE account and password if your server is connecting directly to your Internet service provider.

  • Static IP address of your server: Record for each Ethernet port.

  • Hostname of your server: The server in or server.example.private.

Ways to Log In Remotely to Mac OS X Lion Server

Mac OS X Lion Server provides several different ways to log on and manage the server from another computer, including from Windows and Linux computers. With all these methods, there is nothing to install on Mac OS X Server:

  • Secure Shell (SSH) command line connection from any computer.

  • The Server app from a Mac OS X 10.7 computer.

  • Server Admin or Workgroup Manager from a Mac OS X 10.7 computer.

  • Remote control with VNC-compatible software from any computer.

  • Remote control with Apple Remote Desktop from a Mac on the network.

Common Port Numbers for Mac OS X Lion Server Services

Mac OS X Lion Server’s unique services have some unique port numbers. The following table lists some of the more common default port numbers for configuring firewalls and router port-forwarding for Mac OS X Lion Server.

Service Port number Protocol
Apple File Service (AFP) 548 TCP
Apple Remote Desktop (Remote Management) 3283, 5900 TCP, UDP
HTTP (web service) 80 or 8080 TCP
HTTPS (secure web service via SSL) 443 TCP
iCal Server 8008 TCP
iCal Server using SSL 8443 TCP
iChat Server 5222 TCP
iChat Server’s file transfer proxy 7777 TCP
iChat Server, server-to-server connection 5269 TCP
iChat Server using SSL 5223 TCP
Mail: IMAP 143 TCP
Mail: IMAP using SSL 993 TCP
Mail: POP3 110 TCP, UDP
Mail: POP3 using SSL 995 TCP, UDP
Mail: SMTP legacy SSL submission 465 TCP
Mail: SMTP standard 25 TCP, UDP
Mail: SMTP submission 587 TCP
SMB/CIFS (Windows file service) 161 TCP
SSH (Secure Shell) remote connection 22 TCP, UDP

Mac OS X Lion Server Keyboard Tips for Windows Users

You frequently use several keyboard and mouse actions in Mac OS X Lion Server’s administration tools. Mac users will be familiar with these techniques, but they may be new to Windows users:

  • Make multiple selections in a list:

    • Shift-click lets you select a range of items at once. Click an item to select it and shift-click another item; all the items in between will be selected.

    • Command-click lets you add items to those you selected, in any order.

  • To right-click, hold down Control while clicking. Or, use a mouse with two or more buttons. On a Mac notebook or Apple Magic Trackpad, click the trackpad with two fingers to right click.

  • The Mac Option key is also labeled Alt, but isn’t always equivalent to the PC Alt. And, the Mac Control key isn’t always the same as the Windows Ctrl key. For example, to copy a file, hold the Option key when you drag and drop the file. (In Windows, it’s Ctrl-drag).

  • System Preferences is the rough equivalent of the Windows Control Panel. It holds settings (such as IP addresses) for the individual machine hosting the server.