Organization charts are an essential part of many presentations. The hierarchical SmartArt diagrams in PowerPoint 2013 are ideal for creating organization charts. You can create diagrams that show bosses, subordinates, co-workers, and assistants. You can easily rearrange the chain of command, add new boxes or delete boxes, and apply fancy 3-D effects.
The bullet list used to create this chart looked like this before being converted to SmartArt:
Notice that Dopey isn’t in this list. That’s because Dopey is in a special kind of box on the chart, called an Assistant. You find out how to add Assistant boxes later.
Keep in mind that organization charts are useful for more than showing employee relationships. You also can use them to show any kind of hierarchical structure.
Add boxes to an organizational chart
You can add a box to an organization chart by calling up the Text pane and editing the text.
Alternatively, you can use the controls in the SmartArt Tools tab on the Ribbon to add boxes. One nice feature that these controls provide is the capability to add an Assistant, which is a box that appears outside of the hierarchical chain of command. Here are the steps:
Click the box you want the new box to be below or next to.
Open the SmartArt Tools tab on the Ribbon.
Click the Add Shape button to reveal a menu of choices. Then select one of the following options:
Add Shape Before: Inserts a new box at the same level as the selected box, immediately to its left.
Add Shape After: Inserts a new box at the same level as the selected box, immediately to its right.
Add Shape Above: Inserts a new box above the selected box.
Add Shape Below: Inserts a new box beneath the selected box.
Add Assistant: Inserts a new box beneath the selected box, but the new box is connected with a special elbow connector to indicate that the box is an Assistant, not a subordinate.
Click the new box and then type whatever text you want to appear in the box.
If necessary, drag the box to adjust its location.
Delete chart boxes from organizational charts
To delete a box from an organization chart, select the box and press Delete. PowerPoint automatically adjusts the chart to compensate for the lost box.
When you delete a box from an organization chart, you should observe a moment of somber silence — or throw a party. It all depends on whose name was in the box.
Change the organizational chart's layout
PowerPoint lets you choose from four methods of arranging subordinates in an organization chart branch:
Standard: Subordinate shapes are placed at the same level beneath the superior shape.
Both Hanging: Subordinates are placed two per level beneath the superior with the connecting line between them.
Left Hanging: Subordinates are stacked vertically beneath the superior, to the left of the connecting line.
Right Hanging: Subordinates are stacked vertically beneath the superior, to the right of the connecting line.
The following organization chart uses all four of these layouts. Sneezy, Grumpy, and Bashful use Standard layout. Sleepy and Happy use Both Hanging layout. Groucho, Harpo, and Chico use Left Hanging layout, and Manny, Moe, and Jack use Right Hanging layout.
To change the layout of a branch of your chart, first click the shape at the top of the branch, and then click the SmartArt Tools Design tab on the Ribbon. Then click the Layout button in the Create Graphic group and choose the layout type you want to use.