In grammar, cases indicate the role that nouns and pronouns play in a sentence. Case is important in German because four types of words — nouns, pronouns, articles, and adjectives — go through spelling changes according to the case they represent in a sentence. German has four cases: nominative, accusative, dative, and genitive. The following table breaks them down based on function.
|Used for the subject of a sentence
Used for predicate nouns
|Used for the direct object of a sentence
|Used for the indirect object of a sentence
|Used to show possession, ownership, or a close relationship