Sociology For Dummies
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Sociologist Richard B. Scott, an expert in the study of social organization, has described a useful way of understanding how social organizations work. Every social organization behaves, to some extent, in each of these three ways.

  • As a rational system: as a machine designed to accomplish a specific task.

  • As a natural system: as a group made up of real human beings who relate to one another in complicated ways.

  • As an open system: interacting with its environment, from which it takes both resources and social norms.

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Jay Gabler, PhD, is a writer, editor, and college instructor. Gabler received his PhD from Harvard University and now teaches at Rasmussen College in Minnesota.

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