Fundamental Analysis on the Series 7 Exam
Fundamental analysts examine the specifics of corporations and are responsible for doing the research and recommending which securities the registered reps should promote. As a registered rep, you’ll also be responsible for examining your customers’ portfolios to help them keep in line with their investment objectives.
Which of the following is NOT considered a quick asset?
B. accounts receivable
C. marketable securities
Answer: A. inventory
Current assets (assets convertible into cash within a one-year period) include inventory, marketable securities held by the corporation, cash, and so on. However, when dealing with quick assets, you have to take inventory out of the equation. Quick assets are convertible into cash within a three- to five-month period. In most cases, inventory takes longer to sell than three to five months.
Cash flow equals
A. net income – depreciation
B. gross income + depreciation + depletion
C. net income + depreciation + depletion
D. gross income – depletion + depreciation
Answer: C. net income + depreciation + depletion
Cash flow helps measure the financial health of a company. Cash flow is determined by taking the net income (after-tax income) and adding back in the depreciation and depletion deductions (if any). You need to add depreciation and depletion back in because they’re write-offs for a company but aren’t out-of-pocket expenses. So the equation looks like this:
Cash flow = net income + depreciation + depletion
PE ratio equals
A. the market price divided by the earnings per share
B. annual dividends per common share divided by the market price
C. annual dividends per common share divided by earnings per share
D. net income minus preferred dividends divided by the number of common shares outstanding
Answer: A. the market price divided by the earnings per share
The PE ratio is a tool that technical analysts use to help determine whether a stock is overpriced or underpriced. Typically, they’ll compare the PE ratios of several different companies within the same industry to see whether there’s a good investment opportunity. Actually, the lower the PE ratio, the better. A company with a low PE ratio means that the earnings per share (EPS) are high compared to its price. The equation for PE ratio is