Multiple-Choice, One Answer on the GRE Verbal Test — Practice Questions
Many questions on the GRE Verbal test will be multiple choice, and will ask you to select only one answer. Some, like the following practice questions, will require you to read a passage and answer questions related to the passage.
Directions: Each of the following passages is followed by questions pertaining to the passage. Read the passage and answer the questions based on information stated or implied in that passage. For each question, select one answer choice unless instructed otherwise.
Community property is a legal concept that is growing in popularity in the United States. A few years ago, only the western states had community property laws, and few people east of the Mississippi had ever heard the expression “community property.” Now several states have adopted or modified laws regarding community property.
Both wife and husband jointly own community property. Generally, the property that a spouse owned before the marriage is known as separate or specific property. It remains the property of the original possessor in case of a separation or divorce. Community property is anything gained by the joint effort of the spouses.
Gifts specifically bestowed upon only one party, or legacies to only one spouse, are separate property. However, courts often determine that a donor had the intention to give the gift to both parties, even though his words or papers may have indicated otherwise. Community property goes to the surviving partner in case of the death of one spouse. Only that half of the property owned by the testator can be willed away.
In which of the following instances would a gift to one party become community property?
A. When the court determines the intent of the donor was to make a gift to the couple
B. When the property is real (land) rather than personal (possessions)
C. When the court determines that the intent to give the gift was formed by the donor prior to the party’s marriage
D. When the court determines that the gift was bestowed upon only one party
E. When the couple can use the property only when they are together
You may infer that the author would most likely agree with which of the following?
A. Community property is the fairest settlement concept for marital property.
B. Community property laws currently discriminate against the working spouse in favor of the homemaker spouse.
C. Community property laws will probably continue to increase in number throughout the United States.
D. Community property laws will be expanded to include all property acquired during the marriage, regardless of its source.
E. All inheritances received by one party during the marriage are in theory, if not in fact, community property.
Answers and explanations
The passage states that a court may deem a gift community property if the donor’s intent was to give it to both parties, even if the donor didn’t state so specifically. Choice (B) is wrong, because it distinguishes between real and personal property, which isn’t covered in the passage. Choice (C) is also wrong but very tricky. Nothing in the passage states that the time of the intent to make the gift is important; only the intent of the donor counts. If you picked Choice (C), you read too much into the question. You can also rule out Choice (D), because if the gift was bestowed upon only one party, it would not be considered community property. And you can rule out Choice (E), because the passage makes no mention of the communal use of property having anything to do with the property’s legal ownership.
The author mentions early in the passage that only a few community-property states used to exist, but the number has been steadily increasing. From this fact, you may infer that this increase will continue.
Choice (A) is definitely a judgment call. Who’s to say whether the community property concept is fair, not fair, the fairest, or the least fair? Passages (unless they’re editorial or opinion types, which are infrequently included on the GRE) rarely give personal opinions or push one person’s theories or philosophies. Choice (B) is well outside the scope of this passage, which mentions nothing about homemakers. Choice (D) goes overboard: Just because the author believes that community-property states will grow doesn’t mean states will turn all possessions into community property.
Closely scrutinize any answer choices with strong words, such as all, every, never, and none. Choice (E) has this problem: It includes the excessive word all.