How to Create a Viewport in AutoCAD 2014 - dummies

How to Create a Viewport in AutoCAD 2014

By Bill Fane, David Byrnes

When you’re creating layouts, creating viewports from scratch in AutoCAD 2014 is often the easiest strategy. The Create Layout Wizard is fine when you’re starting out, but most drawings have unique, nonstandardized arrangements of viewports.

Follow these steps to do so.

  1. Create a new layout in the drawing.

    Click Quick View Layouts to display the preview images, and then right-click an image and choose New Layout. A new layout is added to the end of the image strip.

  2. Click the image of the new layout to open it.

    A new layout appears in the drawing window, showing the default sheet area and a single rectangular viewport centered on the sheet. (You want to create a custom viewport, so in the next step, you’ll delete this default one.)

  3. Move the crosshairs over the viewport boundary and click to select it, and then press the Delete key.

    Although a viewport doesn’t behave like other drawing objects, it is an object, just like a line or a circle. And like any other drawing object, a viewport can be selected and moved, copied, resized, arrayed, or deleted.

  4. On the Ribbon, click the Layout tab; then in the Layout Viewports panel, choose Rectangular.

    If the Rectangular button is grayed out (we know, they’re all rectangular — it’s the one that says Rectangular), you’re still in model space. Switch to paper space.

    AutoCAD prompts you to pick the first corner of the new viewport.

  5. Pick a point somewhere on the blank page to locate the first corner of the new viewport.

    AutoCAD prompts you to pick the second corner.

  6. Pick another point to place the second corner of the new viewport.

    AutoCAD draws the viewport, and the model space geometry appears inside it. Next, specify a drawing scale for the viewport(s).

    Specifying the correct viewport scale sooner rather than later bestows a couple of important benefits. You can

    • Use annotative documentation objects such as text, dimensions, hatch patterns, blocks, and noncontinuous (dash-dot) linetypes.

    • Easily plot the completed layout at a scale of 1:1 while retaining individual, true-to-scale viewports.

  7. Click the viewport boundary that you want to apply a scale to.

    The Viewport Scale button appears toward the right end of the status bar.

  8. Click the Viewport Scale button on the status bar.

    Clicking the Viewport Scale button opens a pop-up list of every drawing scale that’s registered in the scales list, including metric scales, even if you’re working in a drawing using English units and vice versa.

    Most of the time, way too many scales are in the lists you see in the Viewport Scale button and the Plot dialog box. AutoCAD has a handy-dandy Edit Drawing Scales dialog box that lets you remove those imperial scales if you never work with feet and inches, and vice versa if you work only in metric.

    To run through the scales, choose Scale List from the Annotation Scaling panel on the Annotate tab, or type SCALELISTEDIT and press Enter to open the Edit Drawing Scales dialog box. If (okay — when) you make a mistake, the Reset button in the Edit Drawing Scales dialog box restores all the default scales.

  9. Find the scale that you want to apply to the active viewport, and select it from the list.

    The display zooms in or out to adjust to the chosen viewport scale automatically. You should lock the viewport when the scale is correct. It’s easy to blow the scale as you pan and zoom.