Central Dogma of Molecular Biology - dummies

By Rene Fester Kratz

Part of Molecular & Cell Biology For Dummies Cheat Sheet

In molecular and cell biology, central dogma is the passage of information from DNA to RNA to protein. Here’s a brief breakdown of central dogma’s process:

Process What Is Made? What Is Template? Important Molecules Starts At

Ends When

Replication DNA DNA DNA polymerase, primase, helicase, DNA ligase,
Origin of replication (ORI)

Replication forks meet

Transcription RNA DNA RNA polymerase Promoter

Termination sequence

Translation Polypeptide (protein) mRNA Ribosome, tRNA Start codon (AUG)

Stop codon (UAA, UGA, UAG)