There are plusses and minuses of adding sound to your Web page, but if you decide adding sound is of value to your Web page visitors, HTML offers two competing ways to add it: with the <bgsound> tag and with the embed tag.

The <bgsound> tag works well and has useful options for controlling sound, but it’s not supported by all browsers.

This example uses the <embed> tag, which is not officially supported by the HTML standard at all, but it works in most browsers. <embed> has options for different media players, such as Windows Media Player or Apple QuickTime.

Follow these steps to add sound to a Web page in a text editor:

  1. Open your Web page in Notepad.

    Let your Web page’s user know they can stop sound from playing in your Web page by clicking the Stop button in their browsers.

  2. Enter the <embed> tag and a link to the sound file you want to use.

    An example looks like this: <embed src=<i>“pathname/filename”</i>>, <i>“pathname/filename”</i> is a link to the sound file.

    The simplest way to be sure you have the link right is to place the sound file in the same folder as the Web page; that way the link is simply the filename.

  3. Click File→Save and reopen the file.

    The sound should play. Test the link right away to be sure it will work.

  4. If the sound doesn’t play, experiment to make sure you have the path right and that sound plays on your machine.

    To make sure you have the link right, put the file in the same folder as your Web page and simplify the link. To make sure that sound playback works on your machine, navigate to the file in Windows Explorer and click it. It should play. If not, identify and fix the files affecting sound playback on your machine.

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