In short, white balancing has to do with the fact that every light source emits its own color cast — candlelight, a warm hue; flash, a slightly cool hue, and so on. The camera’s White Balance mechanism compensates for the color of the light so that colors are rendered accurately.Normally, the camera uses automatic white balancing, and things turn out fine. But if a scene is lit by different types of light, each throwing its own color bias into the mix, the camera sometimes gets confused, and colors may be out of whack.
In the advanced exposure modes, you deal with color casts by changing the White Balance setting. You can’t access the White Balance setting in the scene modes, but in Portrait, Landscape, Close-Up, Sports, and Kids modes, you can use the Shoot by Lighting or Scene Type option to tell the camera to balance colors for a specific light source.
You can choose from the following settings:
- Default: Colors are balanced for the light source automatically.
- Daylight: For bright sunlight.
- Shade: For subjects in shade.
- Cloudy: For shooting under overcast skies.
- Tungsten Light: For incandescent and tungsten bulbs; not available for Landscape scene mode.
- Fluorescent Light: For subjects lit by fluorescents. Note: This may not be suitable for some compact-fluorescent lights. Try Tungsten Light if you get bad results. Also not available for Landscape scene mode.
- Sunset: Helps capture brilliant sunset colors, especially when you’re shooting into the sun.
Don’t aim the lens directly at the sun or look through the viewfinder directly into the sun. You can damage the camera and hurt your eyes.Select the setting via the Quick Control screen. For example in the image below, the Default (no adjustment) setting is selected.