Botany For Dummies
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Plant tissues come in several forms: vascular, epidermal, ground, and meristematic. Each type of tissue consists of different types of cells, has different functions, and is located in different places.

Tissue Cell Types Function Locations
Vascular tissue Xylem is made up of vessels and tracheids
Phloem is made up of sieve cells and companion cells
Xylem transports water
Phloem transports sugars
In stems, leaves, and roots
Epidermal tissue Parenchyma Protect plant tissues and prevent water loss Outer layer of stems, roots, and leaves
Ground tissue Parenchyma
Makes up bulk of plant mass Stems, roots, leaves
Meristematic tissue Parenchyma Divide to produce new growth Tips of shoots
Tips of roots
In buds
In a ring around the stem in woody plants

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Rene Fester Kratz, PhD is a Biology instructor at Everett Community College. As a member of the North Cascades and Olympic Science Partnership, she worked to develop science curricula that are in alignment with research on human learning.

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