Learning English as a Foreign Language For Dummies
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When you’re learning English as a foreign language, practise these greetings and questions to sound like a British native in no time. Remember to tailor your greetings – whether formal or informal – depending on who you’re talking to.

Formal Greetings

  • Good morning

  • Good afternoon

  • Good evening

  • Nice to meet you

  • Goodnight

  • Goodbye

Informal Greetings

  • Hello

  • Hi

  • Bye

  • Bye for now

  • See you soon


  • Who: Who is that man over there? [Asking about people.]

  • When: When are you going on holiday? [Asking about times and dates.]

  • Where: Where is the nearest bank? [Asking about places.]

  • What: What’s that box for? [Asking about things / activities.]

  • Why: Why is she crying? [Asking for reasons.]

  • How much: How much is that book? [Asking about quantities.]

  • What time: What time does the film start? [Asking about times.]

  • What . . . like: What’s David's wife like? [Asking about characteristics.]

About This Article

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About the book authors:

Gavin Dudeney is Project Director at The Consultants-E, a company specialising in online learning and teaching in education. He works regularly with the International House World Organisation and other leading teaching entities. Nicky Hockly is Director of Pedagogy at The Consultants-E. She works as a teacher and teacher trainer, both online and face-to-face, and gives seminars and workshops around the world.

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