Historical Terms to Study for the Miller Analogies Test (MAT) - dummies

Historical Terms to Study for the Miller Analogies Test (MAT)

By Vince Kotchian, Edwin Kotchian

To prepare for analogies involving history on the MAT, it’s best to start with the most important terms — kind of like what you’d pick up from a basic college course in world history. Before taking the MAT, brush up on your history knowledge by studying these terms and their definitions.

  • Abolitionism: Movement to get rid of slavery

  • Allies: Nations that fought the Axis powers in World War II, including the United States, England, and Russia

  • Apartheid: Racial segregation in South Africa

  • Axis: Nations that fought the Allies during World War II, including Germany, Japan, and Italy

  • Bill of Rights: The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution

  • Bourgeoisie: The middle class in France before the revolution

  • Caste: A hereditary social class in Hinduism

  • Cold War: Period of tension after WWII between the United States and the Soviet Union

  • Communism: Economic system in which the people control the means of production

  • Confederate States of America: Government of the southern states that seceded from the United States during the Civil War; the northern states were known as the Union

  • Cultural Revolution: Led by Mao Zedong, a social-political movement in which the Chinese military worked to strengthen the ideals of the Chinese Communist Party

  • Czar (tsar): An emperor of Russia

  • Emancipation Proclamation: An order given by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, to free all slaves

  • Fourteen Points: Speech given by Woodrow Wilson outlining the post–World War I peace plan in Europe

  • Geneva Conventions: Developed humanitarian laws to be applied in wartime

  • Glasnost: Introduced by Mikhail Gorbachev, a period of increased openness and freedom in the Soviet Union during the 1980s; often paired with Perestroika

  • Great Depression: Decade-long worldwide economic recession preceding World War II

  • Imperialism: The domination of one country over another

  • Laissez-faire capitalism: Economic system in which the government does not regulate

  • Magna Carta: Forced upon King John by his subjects to attain liberties, it is the origination of English law; written in 1215

  • Manifest Destiny: Belief that Americans were destined by heaven to expand westward to the Pacific Ocean

  • Mayflower Compact: Governing text of Plymouth Colony

  • NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization): Alliance of nations to defend against Soviet threat

  • New Deal: Economic programs during the Great Depression proposed by Franklin D. Roosevelt

  • Perestroika: Political movement for restructuring within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union; often paired with glasnost

  • Prohibition: The sale, manufacture, and transportation of alcohol was outlawed in the United States from 1920 to 1933

  • Proletariat: The lower, working social class

  • Republic: Type of government in which the people elect representatives to rule

  • Suffrage: The right to vote

  • Trinity: Code name for the first atomic bomb