GED Test Prep: Reasoning Through Language Arts Reading Multiple-Choice Questions - dummies

GED Test Prep: Reasoning Through Language Arts Reading Multiple-Choice Questions

By Murray Shukyn, Dale E. Shuttleworth, Achim K. Krull

Most of the items on the Reasoning Through Language Arts reading section are some form of a multiple-choice problem, where you choose from four answers. Multiple-choice items give you the correct answer but make it harder by adding three wrong answers.

So when you see this item on the GED test, read the question first and then the text, looking for related material. Go back to the answer choices and eliminate the obviously wrong ones as you progress. Eventually, you’ll be left with one or two choices from which to pick your answer.

Pick the most correct, most complete answer from the choices offered. You may find, based on your previous knowledge, that none of the choices is complete. However, you need to go with the materials in the text, so use the answer choice closest to what is in the text.

The best advice for completing the reading portion of the RLA section is

  • (A)Read, read, and read some more.

  • (B)Memorize every poem ever written by Shakespeare.

  • (C)Read the short versions of any famous books you can find.

  • (D)None of the above.

The correct answer is Choice (A). You don’t have to know any specific content for this section of the test, but you need to be able to read quickly and accurately and understand what you’ve read. The only way to do that is to practice and practice and practice some more.

Here are a couple of examples of multiple-choice questions like you’ll see on the GED test.

People have a natural metabolic “set point” that is predetermined at birth and influences just how slim or heavy they will be. That is why it is difficult for the obese to lose weight beyond a particular point and for the slim to gain and retain weight for long.

Some studies now suggest that the chemicals in clothing and upholstery flame-retardants interfere with that set point when they are absorbed into the body. This may affect a child in the womb and even after birth, which is one reason some jurisdictions are banning flame-retardants from children’s clothing. California is even considering banning them from upholstery, another common application.

Why are chemicals in upholstery potentially harmful?

  • (A)They can cause retardation.

  • (B)They interfere with the natural metabolic set point.

  • (C)California is considering banning them.

  • (D)None of the above

The correct answer is Choice (B), which is clearly stated in the text. Choice (A) may be true, but it isn’t supported by the text, so if you went with that choice, you probably misread the text. Choices (C) and (D) are irrelevant or wrong. Other reasons to place a ban on flame-retardants should be considered, but you’re not asked about them, so stick with the options offered.

Why is anyone concerned about the metabolic set point?

  • (A)The set point determines how much people will weigh. Anything that interferes with that is dangerous.

  • (B)Most people want to be slim.

  • (C)People don’t want chemicals in their bodies.

  • (D)People are against the misuse of chemicals in the environment.

The correct answer is Choice (A). The text states that these chemicals interfere with the set point, and that is dangerous, causing obesity or drastic underweight. Choices (B), (C), and (D) are all possibly true but aren’t supported by the text.