How to Run the QuickBooks 2013 Setup
After you install the QuickBooks 2013 program, the installation program may start QuickBooks automatically and then open the QuickBooks Setup for you. You can also start the QuickBooks Setup by starting the QuickBooks program the same way you start any program on your computer. After you have it open, then choose the File→New Company command to start the QuickBooks Setup.
The big QuickBooks 2013 Welcome
The Let’s Get Your Business Set Up Quickly screen of the QuickBooks 2013 Setup appears when you choose the New Company command. The screen provides some general information about setting up a new company within QuickBooks. The screen also provides links — such as the link you can click to get help from a QuickBooks certified advisor.
(QuickBooks Pro Advisors, by the way, are people who have taken a test about QuickBooks and paid roughly $500 to Intuit to get a copy of QuickBooks and be listed on the QuickBooks website as QuickBooks Pro Advisors.) You probably want to read through this screen’s information, but when you’re ready to begin, click the Express Start button.
QuickBooks 2013 Express Start method
QuickBooks 2013 provides an accelerated version of the QuickBooks setup process, which you can use when you don’t want to customize the setup.
If you click the Express Start button, QuickBooks collects a bit of information about your company and, based on that information, sets up a company file that should work for a business like yours.
After you click Express Start to create the company file, QuickBooks prompts you to describe the people (customers, vendors, and employees) you do business with, the items you sell, and your bank account. You provide these descriptions by stepping through a series of screens and filling in onscreen boxes and worksheets.
QuickBooks 2013 Advanced Setup method
The Advanced Setup button, if clicked, starts the EasyStep Interview, which walks you through a bunch of screens full of information that let you rather tightly specify how the company file that QuickBooks sets up should look.
To move to the next screen in the EasyStep Interview, you click the Next button. To move to the previous screen, you click the Back button. If you get discouraged and want to give up, you can click the Leave button. But try not to get discouraged.
Set up company information in QuickBooks 2013
The first few screens of the EasyStep Interview collect several important pieces of general information about your business, including your company name and the firm’s legal name, your company address, your federal tax ID number, the first month in the fiscal year (typically, January), the type of income tax form that your firm uses to report to the IRS, and the industry or type of company that you are operating (retail, service, and so forth).
After collecting this general company information, QuickBooks creates the company data file that stores your firm’s financial information. QuickBooks suggests a default name or a QuickBooks data file based on the company name. All you need to do is accept the suggested name and the suggested folder location (unless you want to save the data file into the My Documents folder, which isn’t a bad idea).
Customize your QuickBooks 2013 setup
After QuickBooks collects the general company information mentioned in the preceding paragraphs, the EasyStep Interview asks you some very specific questions about how you run your business so it can set the QuickBooks preferences. Preferences, in effect, turn on or off various accounting features within QuickBooks, thereby controlling how QuickBooks works and looks. Here are the sorts of questions that the EasyStep Interview asks to set the QuickBooks preferences:
Does your firm maintain inventory?
Do you want to track the inventory that you buy and sell?
Do you collect sales tax from your customers?
Do you want to use sales orders to track customer orders and back orders?
Do you want to use QuickBooks to help with your employee payroll?
Do you need to track multiple currencies within QuickBooks because you deal with customers and vendors in other countries, and these people regularly have the audacity to pay or invoice you in a currency different from the one your country uses?
Would you like to track the time that you or your employees spend on jobs or projects for customers?
How do you want to handle bills and payments (enter the checks directly, or enter the bills first and the payments later)?
Set your QuickBooks 2013 start date
Perhaps the key decision that you make in setting up any accounting system is the day on which you begin using your new system. This is called the conversion date.
Typically, you want to begin using an accounting system on either the first day of the year or the first day of a new month. You are prompted to identify the start date by using the dialog box shown.
The easiest time to start using a new accounting system is at the beginning of the year. The reason? You get to enter a simpler trial balance. At the start of the year, for example, you enter only asset, liability, and owner’s equity account balances.
At any other time, you also enter year-to-date income and year-to-date expense account balances. Typically, you have this year-to-date income and expense information available only at the start of the month. For this reason, the only other feasible start date that you can pick is the start of a month.
In this case, you get year-to-date income amounts through the end of the previous month from your previous accounting system. For example, if you’ve been using Peachtree Accounting, get year-to-date income and expense amounts from Peachtree.
After you provide the start date, you’ve supplied the basic company information; you’ve identified most of your accounting preferences; and you’ve identified the date on which you want to start using QuickBooks. You’re almost done.
If you click the Leave button, QuickBooks leaves you in the QuickBooks program, ready to get to work. However, the EasyStep Interview process isn’t lost forever; to get back into the interview, just open the file you were in the process of setting up. When you do, the EasyStep Interview restarts.
Review the QuickBooks 2013 Setup suggested chart of accounts
At the very end of the EasyStep Interview, based on the information that you supply about your type of industry and the tax return form that you file with the IRS, QuickBooks suggests a starting set of accounts, which accountants call a chart of accounts. These accounts are the categories that you use to track your income, expenses, assets, and owner’s equity.
The following figure shows the screen that the EasyStep Interview displays for showing you these accounts.
The accounts that QuickBooks marks with a check, as the screen explains, are the recommended accounts. And if you don’t do anything else, these checked accounts are the ones you’ll use (at least to start) within QuickBooks. However, you can remove a suggested account by clicking the check mark. QuickBooks removes the check mark, and that means the account won’t be part of the final chart of accounts.
You can also click an account to add a check mark and have the account included on the starting chart of accounts.
You can click the Restore Recommendations button at the bottom of the list to return to the initial recommended chart of accounts (if you made changes that you later decide you don’t want).
When the suggested chart of accounts looks okay to you, click Next. It’s fine to just accept what QuickBooks suggests because you can change the chart of accounts later.
Add your information to the QuickBooks 2013 Setup company file
No matter whether you use the Express Start method of creating a company file or the Advanced Setup/EasyStep Interview method, after you and QuickBooks set up the company file, QuickBooks prompts you to enter your own information to the company file.
Add Customers, vendors, and employees to QuickBooks 2013 Setup
To describe customers, vendors, and employees, click the first Add button. QuickBooks asks if it’s possible to get this data from someplace else, like an e-mail program or e-mail service (Outlook, Gmail, and so forth), or if you just want to enter the information manually into a worksheet.
Most likely, you’re going to enter the information manually, so click that button and then click Continue. When QuickBooks displays a worksheet window as shown in the figure, enter each customer, vendor, or employee into its own row, and be sure to include both the name and address information.
Click Continue when you finish. QuickBooks then asks if you want to enter opening balances (amounts you owe or are owed) for customers and vendors. Indicate that you do by clicking the Enter Opening Balances link and then enter the open balances into the screen that QuickBooks provides.
Enter services and inventory items you sell in QuickBooks 2013 Setup
To describe the stuff you sell, click the second Add button. QuickBooks asks about the stuff you sell — for example, if you sell services, if you sell inventory items, and whether you want to track any such inventory items you sell. Answer these questions by clicking the option button that conforms to your situation and then click Continue.
When QuickBooks displays a worksheet window, describe each item you sell in a separate worksheet row. Be sure to also describe any inventory items you’re holding at the time you convert to QuickBooks. Click Continue when you finish. If you have more than one type of item you sell, you need to repeat this process for each type of item.
Enter business bank accounts in QuickBooks 2013 Setup
To describe your business bank account (or bank accounts), click the third Add button. When QuickBooks displays the Add Your Bank Accounts worksheet window (not shown), provide each bank account’s name, account number, and balance on the conversion date. When you finish entering this information, click Continue.