Speculating with the Present Perfect Subjunctive in Spanish - dummies

Speculating with the Present Perfect Subjunctive in Spanish

The present perfect subjunctive is a compound verb tense that describes actions that may have happened. For example, you may have studied Spanish if your high school had offered it. That may have verb phrase? That’s the present perfect subjunctive.

You form the present perfect subjunctive by beginning with the verb haber (to have) conjugated in the appropriate tense (in this case, present subjunctive). Then you simply add the past participle of the main verb. The following table shows haber conjugated in the present subjunctive.

The Present Subjunctive Tense of Haber
Conjugation Translation
yo haya I may have
tú hayas You (informal) may have
él/ella/ello/uno haya He/she/one may have
usted haya You (formal) may have
nosotros hayamos We may have
vosotros hayaís You all (informal) may have
ellos/ellas hayan They may have
ustedes hayan You all (formal) may have

Notice that the first-person (yo), and the third-person (él, ella, Ud.) singular forms of the verb haber are the same in the present subjunctive.

Here are some example sentences using the present perfect subjunctive:

  • La madre duda que los niños hayan limpiado sus curators. The mother doubts that the children have cleaned their rooms.

  • Yo espero que ellos hayan despegado en el vuelo correto. I hope that they have taken the right flight.