How to Work Common Stitches in the Round
When knitting in the round, the right side is always facing you — so you need to understand how this knitting-in-the-round stitch position affects the stitches you make. For example, whereas in flat knitting you create a garter stitch by knitting every row, knitting every round in circular knitting produces stockinette stitch.
Here’s a quick guide to getting the stitches you want in the round:
For garter stitch: Alternate a knit round with a purl round.
For stockinette stitch: Knit all rounds.
For rib stitches: In round 1, alternate knit and purl stitches in whatever configuration you choose (1 x 1, 2 x 2, and so on). In subsequent rounds, knit over the knit stitches and purl over the purl stitches.
The trick is knowing how the stitch is created in flat knitting and then remembering the principle. For example, in flat-knitting seed stitch, you knit in the purl stitches and purl in the knit stitches. Well, you do the same in circular knitting.
Rounds (rnds) are what you work in circular knitting. Rows are what you work in flat (back-and-forth) knitting.