Running a Bar For Dummies
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The term mixers is the classification given to the endless variety of stuff you add to liquor to make cocktails in your bar. The mixer itself isn’t alcoholic, but many mixers are manufactured solely for the purpose of mixing with alcohol.

The precise definition of cocktail is debatable. Purists claim that it takes more than simply mixing alcohol with something else to make it a true cocktail.  Things like ice-cream drinks, even though they contain alcohol, don’t make the cut with purists. In most cases, bartenders agree that a drink prepared by mixing liquor with juice or mixers is a cocktail.

Here’s a list of the most common mixers used in cocktails today:

  • Club soda: The original neutral fizzy drink.

  • Cola and diet cola: Mix with anything. Most bars choose either Coke or Pepsi products, but local favorites like RC are getting some shelf space.

  • Ginger ale: Familiar brands include Canada Dry, Vernors, and Schweppes.

  • Juice: Common cocktail juices include tomato, orange, pineapple, cranberry, grapefruit, cream of coconut, lime juice or Rose’s Lime Juice, and lemon juice or sweet and sour mix. Some purists, like coauthor Heather, suggest fresh-squeezed juice; of course, it’s better, but much more expensive.

  • Lemon-lime beverages: Familiar brands include 7-Up, Sprite, and Sierra Mist.

  • Milk or cream: Several common cocktails (like toasted almonds and white Russians) require milk, half-and-half, or cream. Keep a pint of vanilla ice cream behind the bar for very creamy cocktails.

  • Tonic water: Some bars keep both tonic and diet tonic in stock.

Many bar owners recommend that you include these beverages (at least the soft drinks) on soda guns at your bar. A soda gun system allows you to dispense liquid mixers, such as sodas and juices, at the touch of a button. It keeps most of the regularly used mixers handy in one location so you don’t have to manage any more bottles.

Don’t forget the other must-have bar essentials, such as bitters (try Angostura or Peychaud’s brand), Worcestershire sauce, hot sauce, superfine sugar, and salt and pepper. Many recipes call for these ingredients. Here’s a rundown of a handful of must-haves:

  • Bitters: For use in Manhattans, Old Fashioneds, and other cocktails that call for bitters or for cocktails you want to add a little bitter flavor to. Consider having a flavored bitters on hand as well, such as orange.

    Many small batch craft bitters are being produced around the country these days. Bittermens has a great line that includes a mole (with chocolate and cinnamon) and hopped grapefruit bitters. Fee Brothers offers black walnut and mint, among other flavor profiles.

  • Grenadine: Gives a touch of tart and sweet at the same time. It’s a syrup made from sugar and pomegranate juice that adds a deep red color to cocktails.

  • Hot sauce: For any cocktail that you want to be a little spicy or hot! (See Tabasco.)

  • Simple syrup: Gives a touch of sweetness to a cocktail. Simple syrup is a 1:1 (usually) mix of sugar and water. Make your own by heating the water to dissolve all the sugar, and then cooling the syrup.

    It lasts for up to a month in the cooler, but some bar owners recommend you make it in quantities that you’ll use within a week. You can also buy syrup already made for you.

    Agave nectar is replacing simple syrup in some bars, especially in margaritas. It has a more healthful reputation, so it’s in high demand at the moment.

  • Worcestershire sauce: Mainly for Bloody Marys, cheladas, or other tomato-based cocktails.

About This Article

This article is from the book:

About the book authors:

Ray Foley, a former Marine with more than 30 years of bartending and restaurant experience, is the founder and publisher of BARTENDER magazine. Heather Dismore is a veteran of both the restaurant and publishing industries. Her published works include Running a Restaurant For Dummies.

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