Medical Terminology For Dummies
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Medical terminology is chock-full of words that defy expectation, both in terms of meaning and pronunciation. There are as many tongue-twisting names in terminology as there are bones in the skeletal system. In other words, a lot. From the top of your cranium to the bottoms of your feet, there is a sign, symptom, or syndrome named for practically every physician in the phone book, and it would seem, practically every one of them hard to pronounce.

Here are the top ten medical terminology tongue-twisters:

  • Brockenbrough: A decrease in pulse pressure seen in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy

  • Chilaiditi: In radiology, indicates interposition of bowel gas (usually hepatic flexure) between liver and hemidiaphragm

  • Duroziez: An audible murmur that can be heard over the femoral artery, a sign of aortic insufficiency

  • Karplus: Modified voice resonance with a pleural effusion, the vowel U spoken by the patient is heard as an A

  • Lutembacher: A combination of mitral stenosis with atrial septal defect

  • Maugeri: Cardiac and pulmonary symptoms causes by silicate exposure (silicotic mediastinopathy)

  • Megacystis-megaureter: Presence of massive primary nonobstructing reflux with a large smooth, thin-walled bladder due to continued recycling of refluxed urine

  • Moebius: Inability to keep the eyeballs converged, a sign of exophthalmic goiter

  • Nonnenbruch (Extrarenal kidney): Resulting in oliguria

  • Stellwag: Infrequent or incomplete blinking, present in Graves’ orbitopathy

About This Article

This article is from the book:

About the book authors:

Beverley Henderson, CMT-R, HRT, has more than 40 years of experience in medical terminology and transcription as both an educator and manager. Jennifer L. Dorsey, PhD, has coauthored, revised, and ghostwritten books in the medical, business, and personal growth categories for more than 20 years.

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