To properly prepare for the MAT, you need to familiarize yourself with basic science terminology, including scientific measurements. Brush up on your knowledge of measurements by studying these terms and their definitions.

  • Ampere: Unit of electrical current

  • Beaufort: Scale that measures wind speed

  • Bit: Unit in computer engineering; 1/8 of a byte

  • Byte: Unit in computer engineering; 8 bits

  • Caliber: Diameter of a bullet or shell

  • Carat: Measures diamonds or gold

  • Celsius: Temperature scale on which 0 is freezing and 100 is boiling

  • Centi-: Metric prefix; 1/100

  • Cord: 128 cubic feet of timber

  • Curie: Unit of radioactivity

  • Deci-: Metric prefix; 1/10

  • Decibel: Logarithmic unit that measures sound

  • Fahrenheit: Temperature scale on which 32 is freezing and 212 is boiling

  • Fathom: Used for measuring depth; 6 feet

  • Furlong: Unit of distance; 1/8 of a mile

  • Hectare: 2.47 acres of land

  • Hertz: Unit of frequency

  • Joule: Unit of energy

  • Kelvin: Temperature scale on which all degrees equal Celsius plus 273

  • Kilo-: Metric prefix; 1,000

  • Knot: Unit of speed for ships

  • League: Unit of distance for ships; 3 miles

  • Milli-: Metric prefix; 1/1000

  • Ohm: Unit of electrical resistance

  • pH: Scale that measures acids and bases

  • Richter: Scale that measures movements of the earth

  • Score: 20

  • Stone: 14 pounds

  • Volt: Unit of electricity

  • Watt: Unit of power

About This Article

This article is from the book:

About the book authors:

Vince Kotchian is a full-time standardized test tutor specializing in the MAT, SSAT, ISEE, ACT, GRE, and GMAT. He teaches a GRE prep course at the University of California, San Diego, and has an extensive understanding of analogies and the MAT.

Edwin Kotchian is a MAT tutor and freelance writer who has contributed to a variety of test-prep material.

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