To conquer the analogies on the Miller Analogies Test, you should have a plan. Step one to solving an MAT analogy is to identify its structure. Step two for solving a test analogy is to create a sentence that expresses the relationship between the terms in the analogy. For example, you might create the sentence, “A mitten warms a hand,” in order to express the relationship in the following analogy:

MITTEN : HAND :: _________________ : HEAD

This example, by the way, is of a 1:2,3:4 analogy.

Here are five example MAT analogies on which you can practice the step-by-step method. Each is from one of the five major MAT analogy relationship categories. The difficulty level for each question is pretty low so you can focus on your step-by-step technique. Be sure to identify each analogy’s type, write a relationship sentence, and then check the choices.

  1. JET : AIR :: SUBMARINE : _________________

    1. (A)metal

    2. (B)pressure

    3. (C)ocean

    4. (D)sandwich

  2. OSTRICH : BOTTLENOSE :: _________________: DOLPHIN

    1. (A)sand

    2. (B)bird

    3. (C)tall

    4. (D)feathered

  3. _________________ : BOTTLE :: LID : CHEST

    1. (A)cap

    2. (B)cylinder

    3. (C)liquid

    4. (D)neck

  4. 3 : _________________ :: 27 : 64

    1. (A)2

    2. (B)4

    3. (C)8

    4. (D)16

  5. USE : ABUSE :: _________________ : ACCLAIM

    1. (A)claim

    2. (B)clam

    3. (C)recognition

    4. (D)mail

Here are the answers:

  1. Choice (C) is correct.

    (1:2,3:4) A jet travels through the air, as a submarine travels through the ocean. This fits the description relationship category.

  2. Choice (B) is correct.

    (1:3,2:4) An ostrich is a type of bird, as a bottlenose is a type of dolphin. This fits the type of relationship category.

  3. Choice (A) is correct.

    (1:2,3:4) A cap is the part of a bottle that covers it, as a lid is the part of the chest that covers it. This fits the parts relationship category.

  4. Choice (B) is correct.

    (1:3,2:4) 3 cubed is 27, as 4 cubed is 64. This fits the similar/different relationship category.

  5. Choice (A) is correct.

    (1:2,3:4) Abuse is use with two letters added to its beginning, as acclaim is claim with two letters similarly added. This fits the wordplay relationship category.

About This Article

This article is from the book:

About the book authors:

Vince Kotchian is a full-time standardized test tutor specializing in the MAT, SSAT, ISEE, ACT, GRE, and GMAT. He teaches a GRE prep course at the University of California, San Diego, and has an extensive understanding of analogies and the MAT.

Edwin Kotchian is a MAT tutor and freelance writer who has contributed to a variety of test-prep material.

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