The Ancient Greeks For Dummies
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The ancient world is full of dramatic events and fascinating characters. Here’s a taster of the main events that occurred in Europe in BC (Before Christ) and the first 500 years AD (Anno Domini, or ‘Year of Our Lord’)

Year Event
c3000 BC Bronze Age in southern Europe
c4000 BC Neolithic culture at its height in northern Europe
c2000 BC Iron Age in northern Europe
c1700 BC Construction of palace of King Minos at Knossos, Crete
c1550 BC Earthquakes destroy Minoan civilisation
509 BC Roman Republic established
431–404 BC Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta
336–323 BC Alexander the Great conquers Persia (modern-day Iran)
216 BC Hannibal defeats Romans at Battle of Cannae
146 BC Romans destroy Carthage and conquer Greece
49 BC Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon: Roman civil war
27 BC Octavian becomes Roman Emperor Augustus
AD 313 Edict of Milan: Constantine accepts Christianity
AD 395 Roman Empire divides in two
AD 410 Rome sacked by Alaric, king of the Visigoths
AD 476 Last western Roman emperor deposed

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