GED Reasoning through Language Arts Writing Skills Sample Questions - dummies

GED Reasoning through Language Arts Writing Skills Sample Questions

By Murray Shukyn, Dale E. Shuttleworth, Achim K. Krull

On the GED, you will encounter a section of questions called Reasoning through Language Arts. In this section, you will need to give extra attention to the mechanics of writing, spelling, and grammar.

Sample questions

Questions 1–5 are based on the following business letter.

CanLearn Study Tours, Inc.

2500 Big Beaver Road

Troy, MI 70523

Dr. Dale Worth, PhD, Registrar

BEST Institute of Technology

75 Ingram Drive

Concord, MA 51234

Dear Dr. Worth:

(A)

(1) Our rapidly changing economic climate has meant both challenges never before known. (2) It has been said that only those organizations who can maintain loyalty and commitment among their employees, members, and customers will continue to survive and prosper in this age of continuous learning and globalization.

(B)

(3) Since 1974, CanLearn Study Tours, Inc., have been working with universities, colleges, school districts, voluntary organizations, and businesses to address the unique learning needs of their staff and clientele. (4) These have included educational travel programs that explore the following, artistic and cultural interests, historic and archeological themes, environmental and wellness experiences, and new service patterns.

(5) Professional development strategies have been organized to enhance international understanding and boost creativity. (6) Some organizations’ have used study tours to build and maintain their membership or consumer base. (7) Other organizations discover a new soarce of revenue in these difficult economic times.

(C)

(8) The formats has varied from a series of local seminars to incentive conferences or sales promotion meetings. (9) Our professional services, including the best possible transportation and accommodation at the most reasonable rates, have insured the success of these programs.

(D)

(10) We would appreciate the opportunity to share our experiences in educational travel and discuss the ways we may be of service to your organization.

Yours sincerely,

Todd Croft, MA, President

CanLearn Study Tours, Inc.

  1. Sentence 1: Our rapidly changing economic climate has meant both challenges never before known.

    Which improvement should be made to Sentence 1?

    • (A) insert and opportunities between challenges and never

    • (B) change has meant to have meant

    • (C) change known to none

    • (D) change challenges to challenge

  2. Sentence 2: It has been said that only those organizations who can maintain loyalty and commitment among their employees, members, and customers will continue to survive and prosper in this age of continuous learning and globalization.

    Which change should be made to Sentence 2?

    • (A) insert a comma after commitment

    • (B) change has been to had been

    • (C) change who to that

    • (D) change those to these

  3. Sentence 3: Since 1974, CanLearn Study Tours, Inc., have been working with universities, colleges, school districts, voluntary organizations, and businesses to address the unique learning needs of their staff and clientele.

    Which is the best way to write the underlined portion of Sentence 3?

    • (A) had been working

    • (B) has been working

    • (C) will be working

    • (D) shall be working

  4. Sentence 4: These have included educational travel programs that explore the following, artistic and cultural interests, historic and archeological themes, environmental and wellness experiences, and new service patterns.

    Which correction should be made to Sentence 4?

    • (A) insert a comma after have included

    • (B) change the comma after following to a colon

    • (C) change the comma after interests to a colon

    • (D) change the comma after themes to a colon

  5. Sentence 5: Professional development strategies have been organized to enhance international understanding and boost creativity.

    Which change should be made to Sentence 5?

    • (A) change strategies to strategy

    • (B) change boost to boast

    • (C) change enhance to enhancing

    • (D) no correction required

Answers and explanations

  1. A. insert and opportunities between challenges and never. The word both refers to two options, but here you’re given only one option: challenges. If you insert and opportunities between challenges and never, you include a second option and correct the sentence.

  2. C. change who to that. An organization is never a who; only people can be referred to as who. An organization is a collective noun made up of people, but the collective noun itself is an impersonal entity and doesn’t qualify as a who.

  3. B. has been working. CanLearn Study Tours is a single entity because it’s one company. Therefore, it’s a singular noun and needs the singular verb has instead of the plural have.

  4. B. change the comma after following to a colon. You need to insert a colon before the list to introduce it.

  5. D. no correction required. The options presented either make the sentence difficult to understand or introduce errors, so the correct answer is no correction required.