Medieval History For Dummies Cheat Sheet
The medieval period was an exciting and action-packed time. This Cheat Sheet lists the main events of the period and the locations where they took place.
Great Dates in Medieval History
Famine, plague and public execution – the medieval period wasn’t the best time for some, but heroic rulers like Charlemagne, William the Conqueror and Henry V made sure that it was full of action. Here are the key dates for the big events of the medieval period.
|Date in Middle Ages||What Happened in Medieval History|
|c. AD 450||The first Anglo-Saxons arrive in England.|
|476||Romulus Augustulus is deposed; the Western Roman Empire
|496||Clovis the Frank converts to Christianity.|
|597||Augustine of Canterbury begins to convert the Anglo-Saxons to
|638||Jerusalem falls to Islamic forces.|
|711||Tarik-Ibn-Ziyad begins the Muslim conquest of Spain.|
|751||Pippin III becomes the first Carolingian king.|
|c. 790||The Vikings begin raiding Ireland.|
|800||Charlemagne is crowned as the first Holy Roman Emperor.|
|827||Islamic forces invade Sicily.|
|843||The Treaty of Verdun splits the Frankish kingdom into three
parts, creating modern France and Germany along the way.
|863||The Eastern Church and the papacy in Rome split in the First
|c. 870||The Vikings discover Iceland.|
|871||Alfred becomes the king of Wessex.|
|909||Charles the Simple grants lands around Rouen to Viking
settlers, beginning the Norman civilisation in France.
|987||Louis V, the last Carolingian king, dies. Hugh Capet begins the
Capetian line of French kings.
|1016||Cnut of Denmark becomes king of England.|
|1066||William of Normandy invades England; the Battle of Hastings
|1095||Pope Urban II preaches the First Crusade.|
|1097||The First Crusade arrives at Constantinople.|
|1099||The First Crusade recaptures Jerusalem and establishes the
kingdom of Outremer.
|1147–48||The Second Crusade fails to make any gains and is forced to
retreat from Damascus.
|1189||The Crusade of Frederick Barbarossa ends in failure when he
drowns in Asia Minor.
|1190–91||The Third Crusade pits Richard I against Saladin.|
|1204||The Fourth Crusade sacks Constantinople.|
|1215||King John agrees to the Magna Carta, weakening the
authority of the English crown.
|1291||The city of Acre falls, and the kingdom of Outremer ends.|
|1324||Marsilius of Padua criticises the papacy in the Defensor
|1337||The Hundred Years’ War begins.|
|1346||The Battle of Crecy is fought during the Hundred Years’
|1348||The Black Death hits Europe.|
|1381||The Peasants’ Revolt happens in England.|
|1415||The Battle of Agincourt is fought during the Hundred
|1431||Joan of Arc is executed by the English after leading the French
recovery during the Hundred Years’ War.
|1453||The French recover Gascony; the Hundred Years’ War
The Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople; the Byzantine Empire
|1470||Leonardo da Vinci begins work as a professional artist in
Florence as the Italian Renaissance gathers pace.
|1492||Christopher Columbus discovers America.|
The Medieval World Geographical Area
When historians talk about the Middle Ages and a view of the medieval world, they are generally talking about events that took place in and around modern-day Europe and a few adjacent areas, as this figure shows.