Statistics For Dummies
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In statistics, a confidence interval gives a range of plausible values for some unknown population characteristic. It contains an initial estimate plus or minus a margin of error (the amount by which you expect your results to vary if other samples were taken). The following table shows formulas for the components of the most common confidence intervals and keys for when to use them.


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Deborah Rumsey, PhD, is an auxiliary faculty member and program specialist in department of statistics at The Ohio State University. An author of several Dummies books, she is a fellow of the American Statistical Association.

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