##### Geometry: 1,001 Practice Problems For Dummies (+ Free Online Practice)

When you draw an altitude to the hypotenuse of a right triangle, you create two new triangles with some interesting properties: first, they are also right triangles, and second, they are similar to each other and to the original right triangle.

The following practice questions ask you to use 'mean proportionals' to get to the solutions—no mean feat!

## Practice questions

Use the figure and given information to solve the following problems.

1. If GI = 9 and RI = 4, find the length of

2. If RT = 8 and GI = 12, find the length of

1. 6

When you draw an altitude to the hypotenuse of a right triangle, you create two right triangles that are similar to each other and to the original right triangle. Because these triangles are similar, you can set up proportions relating the corresponding sides.

The altitude to the hypotenuse of a right triangle is the mean proportional between the two segments that the hypotenuse is divided into:

In the figure, this would mean that

Cross-multiplying gives you the following:

2. 4

The leg of a right triangle is the mean proportional between the hypotenuse and the projection of the leg on the hypotenuse:

In the figure, this would mean that

Cross-multiplying gives you the following: