Constructing 30- and 45-Degree Angles — Practice Geometry Questions
When you deal with geometry problems where you have to construct 30- and 45-degree angles, you may need to do more than one construction to create what the problem is asking for.
The following practice questions ask you to apply your knowledge of constructions to some creative problems.
Construct a 30-degree angle.
Construct a 45-degree angle.
Answers and explanations
Here is the solution:
To construct a 30-degree angle, you first need to construct an equilateral triangle, which will have three 60-degree angles. To do this, draw a line segment and label it
Using your compass, measure the length of
Without changing the width of the compass, place your compass at Point P and draw an arc above
Repeat this step with your compass at Point Q. The intersection of these arcs is the third vertex of the equilateral triangle. Label that point R and connect the points.
You now have three 60-degree angles. You can bisect any one of those angles to create a 30-degree angle. Put your compass point at P and draw an arc through the angle. Place the compass point at both locations where the arc intersects the angle and draw an arc each time. Label the intersection of the arcs S. Connect Point S to Point P.
are both 30-degree angles.
Here is the solution:
Draw a line segment to be used as a part of the angle; call it
You first need to create a right angle. To do so, draw a perpendicular bisector to
Place the compass point on A and open the width of the compass a little more than halfway through the line. Draw arcs above and below
Using the same compass width, place the compass point at B and draw arcs above and below
Connect the intersection points of both pairs of arcs. Let C be the point where the perpendicular bisector intersects
This means that
is a 90-degree angle.
To create a 45-degree angle, you need to bisect
To do so, place your compass point at C and draw an arc through
Using the same compass width, place your compass point at F and draw an arc in the interior of
Do the same at Point G. Connect Point C to the intersection of the two arcs. Both
are 45-degree angles.