Buddhism For Dummies, 2nd Edition
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Numbers have always played an important role in Buddhism. They help give structure to the teachings and practices of Buddhism.

3 Jewels of Refuge

  • Buddha

  • Dharma (the teachings)

  • Sangha (the Buddhist community)

3 higher trainings

  • Morality

  • Concentration

  • Wisdom

4 noble truths

  • Suffering

  • Cause of suffering

  • Cessation of suffering

  • Eight-fold path to the cessation of suffering

4 marks of Buddha's teachings

  • Compound phenomena are impermanent

  • Ordinary phenomena are unsatisfactory

  • All phenomena are insubstantial (selfless)

  • Nirvana is peace

5 aggregates (skandhas)

  • Form

  • Feeling

  • Recognition

  • (Mental) formations

  • Consciousness

6 Mahayana perfections

  • Generosity (giving)

  • Moral discipline (ethics)

  • Patience

  • Effort, energy

  • Meditative concentration

  • Wisdom

10 Theravada perfections

  • Generosity

  • Moral discipline

  • Patience

  • Effort

  • Meditative concentration

  • Wisdom

  • Renunciation

  • Truthfulness

  • Loving-kindness

  • Equanimity

8-fold path

  • Right view

  • Right intention

  • Right speech

  • Right action

  • Right livelihood

  • Right effort

  • Right mindfulness

  • Right concentration

10 non-virtuous actions

  • Body

    • Killing

    • Stealing

    • Sexual misconduct

  • Speech

    • Lying

    • Divisive speech

    • Harsh speech

    • Idle gossip

  • Mind

    • Craving

    • Aversion

    • Delusion

12 links of dependent arising

  • Ignorance

  • (Mental) formations

  • Consciousness

  • Name and form

  • Six Senses

  • Contact

  • Feeling

  • Craving

  • Grasping

  • Becoming

  • Birth

  • Aging and death

About This Article

This article is from the book:

About the book authors:

Jonathan Landaw is the former English translation editor, Translation Bureau, of His Holiness the Dalai Lama. Stephan Bodian has studied and practices several schools of Buddhism. Bodian was editor-in-chief of Yoga Journal and has written articles for Fitness, Cooking Light, and Natural Solutions magazines. Gudrun Bühnemann is a professor at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, where she teaches the Sanskrit Language and its literature, along with courses on the religions of South Asia.

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