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Canadian Wine for Dummies (1894413180) cover image

Canadian Wine for Dummies

ISBN: 978-1-894413-18-3
384 pages
November 2000
US $27.99 Add to Cart
How to Use This Book
Part I: What Is Wine?
Part II: Appreciating Wine
Part III: Enjoying Wine
Part IV: Wine and Food
Part V: Wineries across Canada
Part VI: The Part of Tens
Part VII: Appendixes
Icons Used in This Book

Part I: What Is Wine?

Chapter 1: What Makes a Wine
Understanding What Wine Is
Winemaking Basics

  • The importance of air
  • The grape's goodness
  • A fascination for thousands of years
  • A widespread appeal
  • An astonishing array of colours and sizes
  • A knockout combination: Sugar and acid
  • Setting the Standards
  • Canada's designated viticultural areas
  • VQA regulations
Chapter 2: Wine in Its Elements
Breaking It Down: Wine's Key Ingredients
  • Where's the fruit?
  • What's so good about acid?
  • What's the degree of alcohol?
  • What use are tannins?
  • What's this fifth element of wine?
    Deciphering a Canadian Wine Label

Chapter 3: Getting to Know Your Berry
Looking Closely at the Grape
Life Preservers for Wine: Tannins to the Rescue!
Contrasting Reds and Whites

  • Macerating makes the difference
  • White wines don't macerate
  • Drinking red wine in its youth
    Exploring the Variety of the Grape World
    Labelling for Variety

Chapter 4: In the Vineyard
All Grapes Are Not Created Equal
Where Wine Grapes Grow— And How!

  • Why vines should struggle
  • How grapes get sweet
  • The cool connection
    A History of Mediocrity
    A Year in a Canadian Vineyard
    Weathering the Vintage
  • Frost warnings
  • Singing in the sunshine
  • Crying in the rain
  • Harsh lessons
    The Education Advantage

Part II: Appreciating Wine

Chapter 5: Sensing Good Wine
Visual Basics

  • Judging colour
  • Looking at whites
  • Seeing red
  • Checking out those legs!
  • Sending wines back: Five unsightly reasons to do so
    Nuancing the Nose
  • Getting swirling again (it's worth it)
  • Finding the right partners
  • Smelling something fishy: Avoiding bad wine days
  • Bottle stink and other problems
  • Oxidation
  • Corkiness
  • More stinky reasons for sending wines back

Chapter 6: Pleasing Your Palate
Getting to Know Your Tongue
Putting Your Palate to the Test

  • Comparing whites
  • That glowing colour
  • Those revealing legs
  • The nose knows
  • The proving of your palate
  • Comparing reds

Chapter 7: Judging the Good, the Bad, and the Ugly
Describing How Wines Taste
Scoring Wine by Number

  • Your basic tasting sheet
  • The write words
  • Appearance
  • Bouquet
  • Taste

Chapter 8: Sharing Good Taste
Organizing a Tasting

  • Striking the right mood
  • Setting the scene
    Tasting in Private
  • Intimate encounters
  • Crowd scenes
  • Dinner parties
    Tasting in Public
  • Cruising the best wines
  • Getting the right answers

Part III: Enjoying Wine

Chapter 9: Wine in Restaurants
Getting to Know the House Wine
Reading a Wine List

  • Pick the perfect wine
  • Remember weight and acidity
  • Weight
  • Acidity
  • Consider how it's cooked
    Ordering Wine
    Sending Wine Back
    Real-Life Wine Experiences
  • The wrong way
  • The right way
    Wines for Vegetarians
    White Wine as an Aperitif

Chapter 10: At Home with Wine
Wine Buyer Beware
Bringing Home the Wine

  • Handling reds
  • Handling whites and roses
    Cork Procedures
  • Choosing a corkscrew
  • Uncorking the bottle
  • After you've opened the bottle
  • To air is divine
    What a Difference a Glass Makes
  • A glass for red
  • A glass for white
  • A glass for champagne and sparkling wine

Chapter 11: Buying for Keeping
Storing Your Wines
Choosing the Best Cellar Site

  • No basement? No worries!
  • Setting up your cellar
    Cataloguing Your Wines
    Collecting a Canadian Cellar
  • 24 bottles of wine on your wall
  • Preparing for future consumption
    Buying Wine in Canada
  • The liquor monopolies
  • Catalogue shopping
  • Private orders
  • Personal importation
  • Privatized wine shops
  • Auctions
  • Independent wine stores
  • The Internet
  • Purchasing wine on-line from Ontario wineries
  • Purchasing wine on-line from B.C. wineries
  • Purchasing wine on-line from wine agents
  • Purchasing wine on-line from your provincial liquor board

Part IV: Wine and Food

Chapter 12: The Marriage of Wine and Food
Planning a Wine and Food Wedding
Grape Expectations

  • Chardonnay
  • Chenin Blanc
  • Gewurztraminer
  • Icewine
  • Muscat
  • Pinot Blanc
  • Pinot Gris
  • Riesling
  • Sauvignon Blanc
  • Cabernet Franc
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Gamay
  • Merlot
  • Nebbiolo
  • Pinot Noir
  • Sangiovese
  • Syrah/Shiraz
  • Tempranillo
  • Zinfandel
    Don't Forget the Fortifieds
  • Sherry: Any Palomino is a pal of mine
  • Port: Overturning the tradition
  • Ruby ports (bottle-aged)
  • Tawny ports (cask-aged)

Chapter 13: Wine and Cheese
The Perfect Match

  • Types of cheese
  • How cheese is made
    Classifying Cheeses
    Matching Canadian Wines and Cheeses
    Matching International Wines and Cheeses

Chapter 14: Planning Your Wine Matches
Zeroing In On the Right Wine
Asking Two Easy Questions
Matching Dish by Dish

  • Matching wine and soup
  • Matching wine and fish
  • Matching wine and beef
  • Matching wine and pork
  • Matching wine and lamb
    Life Is Short: Start with Dessert
    Facing Up to the Big No-No: Wine and Chocolate
    What about Nuts?

Chapter 15: Cooking with Wine
Why Cook with Wine?
What Wine to Use in the Kitchen

  • Where to start
  • How much wine to use
    Going Back to (Cooking) School
  • The Wine Country Cooking School at Strewn
  • The Cooking School at Hainle Vineyards

Chapter 16: Icewine: Canada's Icing on the Cake
What Exactly Is Icewine?

  • Where Icewine comes from
  • How Icewine is made
    Canadian Content: Icewine in Canada
  • The Vidal grape
  • The Riesling grape
  • The parade of awards
    Savouring Icewine
  • Matching Icewine with food
  • Laying down Icewine

Part V: Wineries across Canada

Chapter 17: The Origins of Canadian Wine
The First 700 Years: 1000 to 1700

  • Jacques Cartier and the French tradition: 1535
  • Crossbred resistance and the American influence: 1619
    Potential in Ontario: 1800 to 1866
  • First international recognition
  • Niagara developments
    Ontario's Potential Realized: 1866 to 1900
  • Temperance in a teacup
  • The birth of the liquor boards
  • Post-Prohibition days
  • A Brights spot during the Depression
  • Changing styles in the postwar years
  • The daffy world of Baby Duck
  • The invasion of the imports
    Beginnings in British Columbia: 1920
  • Tried, tested, and true
  • An apple a day couldn't keep creditors at bay
  • Winds of change
  • With a little help from the legislature
    Quebec's Story begins in 1870
    Experimentation in Nova Scotia: 1913

Chapter 18: Ontario Wineries
Between a Rock and a Wet Place
Niagara Bench Wineries
Mainly on the Plain
Niagara-on-the-Lake Wineries
Canada's Deep South
Lake Erie North Shore Wineries
Urban Corkfitters
Toronto (GTA) and North of Toronto Wineries

Chapter 19: British Columbia Wineries
North of the Border, Down Okanagan Way
Okanagan Valley Wineries
Over the Hill, Not Too Far Away
Similameen Valley Wineries
A Gentle Style of Wine
Greater Vancouver and Fraser Valley Wineries
New Kids on the Block
Vancouver Island Wineries

Chapter 20: Quebec and Atlantic Province Wineries
Quebec Wineries: And They Said It Couldn't Be Done!
Eastern Townships Wineries
Monteregie Wineries
Quebec City and Other Wineries
Atlantic Province Wineries: Not a Fish Story
Annapolis Valley Wineries

Chapter 21: Fruit Wineries
A Fruity Phenomenon
Which Fruit Where
Ontario Fruit Wineries
British Columbia Fruit Wineries
Nova Scotia Fruit Wineries

Part VI: The Part of Tens

Chapter 22: Ten Frequently Asked Questions About Wine
Where Do I Start If I Want to Get into Wine?
Why Are Some Wines More Deeply Coloured Than Others?

  • What is a vintage wine?
    What Wine Should I Bring to a Dinner Party?
    How Can I Tell When Wine Is Ready to Drink?
    How Can I Tell When a Wine is "Off"?
    How Long Can I Keep a Bottle of Wine after I Opened It?
    Why Do I React Badly When I Drink a Certain Wine?
    Which Region of Canada Produces the Best Wines?
    How Do Canadian Wines Compare to Those of Other Countries?

Chapter 23: Ten Ontario Winemakers to Watch
Marcus Ansems: Creekside Estate Winery and Habitant Vineyards, N.S.
Derek Barnett: Southbrook Farm & Winery
Pierre-Jean Bosc: Chateau des Charmes
Ray Cornell: Hernder Estates Winery
Philip Dowell: Inniskillin Wines
Ron Giesbrecht: Henry of Pelham Family Estate Winery
J-L Groux: Hillebrand Estates Winery
Brian Schmidt: Vineland Estates
Ann Sperling: Malivoire Wine Company
Jim Warren: Daniel Lenko Estate Winery and Nesher Wines

Chapter 24: Ten British Columbia Winemakers to Watch
Olivier Combret: Domaine Combret
Roger Dosman: Alderlea Vineyards
Bill Dyer: Burrowing Owl Vineyards
Ian Mavety: Blue Mountain Vinyard & Cellars
Alex Nichol: Nichol Vineyard & Farm Vintners
Bruce Nicholson: Vincor/Jackson-Triggs Vintners
Sandra Oldfield: Tinhorn Creek
Howard Soon: Calona Vineyards
Frank Supernak: Hester Creek Estate Winery
Erik von Krosigk: Hillside Estate Winery, Pinot Reach Cellars, Red Rooster Winery, Saturna Vineyard

Part VII: Appendixes

Appendix A: Glossary
Appendix B: Directory of Canadian Wineries

  • Niagara Bench wineries
  • Niagara-on-the-Lake wineries
  • Lake Erie North Shore wineries
  • Toronto/GTA wineries
  • Other areas
    British Columbia
  • Okanagan Valley wineries
  • Similkameen Valley wineries
  • Greater Vancouver and Fraser Valley wineries
  • Vancouver Island wineries
  • Eastern Townships wineries
  • Monteregie wineries
  • Quebec City and other wineries
  • Other Areas
    Nova Scotia
  • Annapolis Valley wineries
    Prince Edward Island
    Fruit wineries
  • Ontario
  • British Columbia
  • Nova Scotia
  • Newfoundland
    Useful Web sites for more wine information

Appendix C: Coolers Corkscrews
Wine accessories
Wine magazines (English)
Wine magazines (French)
Computer software: Cellar programs
Catalogue shopping for wine

  • Manitoba
  • Ontario
  • Quebec

Appendix D: Canadian Highlights of the Vintners Quality Alliance (VQA) National Wine Standard
Mission Statement
Geographical Indications (G.I.)

  • Provincial areas
  • Viticultural areas
    Vineyard Designation
    Estate Bottle Declaration
    Wine Categories
  • Varietal wines
  • Blended wines (proprietary names)
  • Vintage dating
  • Foreign geographical indications
  • Synonyms
  • Addition of water
  • Chaptalization
  • Sweet reserve
  • Certification process
  • Label approval
  • Tasting/evaluation panel— composition
  • Packaging
  • VQA label declaration
    Maintenance of This Standard
    Establishment of New Provincial Authorities


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