saddle: The thin, usually white piece that the strings rest on near the soundhole.

scale length: The length of the part of the string played.

soundhole: The round hole on the front of a stringed instrument that lets the sound out.

staff: A set of five horizontal lines and four spaces that represent musical notes.

standard notation: A method of representing the melody lines of songs on staves.

Swiss army strumming pattern: A down, down-up, up-down strumming rhythm.