Recognizing Spanish Subject Pronouns
A subject pronoun takes the place of a subject noun in a sentence. Spanish subject pronouns aren’t used as frequently as in English because Spanish verb endings generally indicate the subject. However, you should still be able to recognize them in a sentence.
Just like in English, Spanish subject pronouns have a person (first, second, or third) and a number (singular or plural), as you can see in the following table.
|1st person||yo||I||nosotros (nosotras)||we|
|2nd person informal
|2nd person formal
|usted (Ud.)||you||ustedes (Uds.)||you|
|3rd person masculine||él||he||ellos||they|
|3rd person feminine||ella||she||ellas||they|
Unlike the English subject pronoun I, which is always capitalized, the Spanish pronoun yo is capitalized only at the beginning of a sentence. You always write the abbreviations Ud. and Uds. with capital letters, even though you normally write the English equivalent (you) with a lowercase letter. When usted and ustedes aren’t abbreviated, they’re capitalized only at the beginning of a sentence. Here are some examples:
Yo me voy. (I’m leaving.)
Eduardo y yo salimos. (Edward and I are going out.)
¿Busca Ud. (usted) algo? (Are you looking for something?)
¿Uds. (ustedes) necesitan ayuda? (Do you all need help?)