Early Modern Europe underwent some dramatic twists with empires expanding and religious conflicts raging while science and technology developments made leaps and bounds. Here are some key milestones during this time.

Year Event
1517 Luther’s 95 theses launch the Reformation
1526 Battle of Mohács: Ottoman Turks conquer Hungary
1581 Dutch declare independence from Spain
1618–48 Thirty Years’ War
1683 Turks defeated outside Vienna
1703 Peter I founds St Petersburg
1713 Treaty of Utrecht ends War of Spanish Succession
1740 Frederick II of Prussia invades Silesia