Diet & Nutrition Glossary: G
galanin : A neurotransmitter released when fat stores need filling up.
genistein: A phytoestrogen found in extracts of soybeans, red clover, and kudzu root.
ghrelin: From the Indo-European root meaning growth, ghrelin is secreted in the lining of the stomach.
glucosamine : A raw material your body needs to lubricate joints and build and maintain cartilage.
glutamic acid : A nonessential amino acid abundant in both animal and vegetable proteins and found in high concentrations in the human brain.
glycemic index : A system of ranking carbohydrate foods according to how fast they’re digested and enter the bloodstream as glucose.
glycine : A nonessential amino acid that occurs in protein foods and comes from choline in the liver and the amino acids threonine or serine.
glycogen: A carbohydrate in storage form in your body.
gout : A form of arthritis that affects 9 men for every one woman caused by uric acid crystals collecting in the spaces around joints.