Catholicism Glossary: C
canon law: The supreme law of the Catholic Church that spells out the rules and regulations that guide the Church.
cardinal: An ordained man elevated to the step just below the pope. Cardinals help the pope administer to the faithful and a new pope is elected from among them when a pope dies.
catechism: A book that contains the doctrines of Catholicism.
celibacy: A formal and solemn oath to never enter the married state. Priests take a vow of celibacy.
chalice: The gold or silver cup that holds the wine that will become Christ’s body and blood during the Mass.
cleric: A member of the clergy.
confession; penance: A sacrament during which a Catholic confesses all known mortal sins to a priest.
Consecration: The part during the Mass when the priest changes the bread and wine into the body and blood of Jesus.
creed: A Christian oath, stating what Catholics believe as revealed to them by God through Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition. Key Catholic creed are the Apostles’ Creed and the Nicene Creed.