Chess openings that occur after the moves 1.d4 d5 often result in closed games. These games emphasize maneuvering because pawn exchanges are delayed. Players who prefer strategic clashes to tactical melees like closed chess games.

Opening Name Opening Moves
Albin Counter-Gambit 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e5 3.dxe5 d4
Blackmar-Diemer Gambit 1.d4 d5 2.e4 dxe4 3.f3
Chigorin Defense 1.d4 d5 2.c4 Nc6
Colle System 1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.e3 c5 4.c3
London System 1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.Bf4
Queen’s Gambit Accepted 1.d4 d5 2.c4 dxc4
Queen’s Gambit Declined 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6
Slav Defense 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6