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Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle: The Big Three in Greek Philosophy

Much of Western philosophy finds its basis in the thoughts and teachings of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. You can't begin a study of world philosophy without talking about these guys: the Big Three ancient [more…]

Philosophical Battles: Empiricism versus Rationalism

The history of philosophy has seen many warring camps fighting battles over some major issue or other. One of the major battles historically has been over the foundations of all our knowledge. What is [more…]

Immanuel Kant, Germany's Influential Philosopher

Immanuel Kant is probably the most famous and complex of German philosophers. Immanuel Kant remains influential (getting through philosophy graduate school without studying him is nearly impossible), although [more…]

Thinking Logically: Deduction and Induction

Because deduction rhymes with reduction, you can easily remember that in deduction, you start with a set of possibilities and reduce it until a smaller subset remains. [more…]

Looking at Who Uses Logic — and How

With all the restrictions placed upon it, you may think that logic is too narrow to be of much use. But this narrowness is logic's great strength. Logic is like a laser — a tool whose best use is not illumination [more…]

Examining the Roots of Skepticism: Pyrrho and Sextus

The words skeptic and skepticism come from an ancient Greek verb that meant "to inquire." Etymologically, then, a skeptic is an inquirer. This should form important background for an understanding of skeptical [more…]

Glossary of Basic Philosophy Terms

To be a really great (or even fair-to-middling) philosopher, you need to understand some of the lingo of philosophy. Some basic terms in philosophy include: [more…]

Big Names in the Ancient Game of Philosophy

If you’re into philosophy, it’s important to become acquainted with some of the early founding philosophers. This list contains the big names and big thinkers of ancient times: [more…]

Philosophy Students’ Great Questions

The point of philosophy is to ponder the questions that life presents. Students of philosophy (and, perhaps, students of life) have raised and will continue to raise some of philosophy’s greatest questions [more…]

Questions that Philosophy Raises

The problems posed by the great philosophers can enhance your experience of the world. You've probably even asked yourself some of these philosophical questions without realizing that you're thinking like [more…]

Philosophy For Dummies Cheat Sheet

What is life? Do rocks have souls? Philosophy is all about pondering life’s imponderables — and the ponderables as well. If you’re interested in philosophy [more…]

Why Study Ethics?

Ethics is a central component of any happy, healthy, and mature life. But some critics still question the value of studying ethics and living an ethical life. After all, if you ignore ethics, you can just [more…]

A Snapshot of Key Ethical Theories

Ethical theory serves as the foundation for ethical solutions to the difficult situations people encounter in life. In fact, for centuries, philosophers have come up with theoretical ways of telling right [more…]

How Ethical Thinking Applies to Real Life

Studying ethics can help you arrive at clearer positions and arguments on real life issues — and can help you apply them, too. In fact, thinking more about ethical theory may even change your mind about [more…]

Ethics For Dummies Cheat Sheet

Ethics is the study of the way things ought to be. Ethics applies to topics as mundane as doing your taxes and as momentous as how to structure government. Studying ethics can give you deep insights into [more…]

Discovering What Philosopher Immanuel Kant Can Do

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The Big Three in Greek Philosophy

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How to Survive Compulsory College Philosophy Courses

Nowadays, when you turn up at college or university having ever-so-carefully chosen a course that sounds really relevant to you, like ‘Criminology’ or ‘Astrophysics’, you may find that whatever you thought [more…]

Philosophy Topics to Study for the Miller Analogies Test (MAT)

You won’t have to wade through any confusing philosophy texts to do well with philosophy on the MAT. To excel on the MAT analogies on philosophy, all you need to know are history’s major philosophers, [more…]

Who Are the Existentialists?

Existentialism is a term applied to some late 19th- and 20th-century philosophers who may not have agreed about much, but who all believed that each person must define themselves in an absurd, illogical [more…]

Key Existential Concepts

The meaninglessness of life, the absence of God, the loneliness of being a thinking individual — it sounds like the existentialists weren't the happiest group of folks, right? Not necessarily true. Read [more…]

Existentialism For Dummies Cheat Sheet

No doubt you've heard someone speaking of an "existential crisis." What does that really mean, anyway? Existentialists believe that we're born without purpose into a world that makes no sense — but each [more…]

How Critical Thinkers Understand Audiences

Critical Thinkers evaluate the audience intended for all types of writing. The following are some general critical thinking approaches for particular types of writing aimed at specific audiences: [more…]

The Ingredients of a Good Critical Thinker

A good Critical Thinker is composed of many ingredients. If you’re building a Critical Thinker, à laDr Frankenstein, the following abilities and attributes are the ones you need: [more…]

Critical Thinkers Check the Methodology

A key critical thinking skill is to be able to understand, and criticise, a writer’s methodology. When authors write books, conduct studies, or investigate a topic, they operate within a [more…]


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