Perpendicular and Parallel Lines — Practice Geometry Questions
If you want to know whether lines are parallel or perpendicular to each other (or neither), you first need to write their equations in slopeintercept form: y = mx + b.
The following practice geometry questions ask you to rewrite pairs of line equations, and then compare their slopes.
Practice questions

State whether the following two lines are parallel, perpendicular, or neither: 2y + 3 = 4x and 4y + 2x = 12.

State whether the following two lines are parallel, perpendicular, or neither:
and 6y = 4x + 3.
Answers and explanations

Perpendicular
Lines that are parallel have equal slopes. Perpendicular lines have slopes that are negative reciprocals of each other. To determine the slope of each line, first put the equations in slopeintercept form:
The slopeintercept form of a line is y = mx + b, where m represents the slope and b represents the yintercept. The first equation shows that the slope of the line is 2. The second equation shows that the slope of the line is
Because the two slopes are negative reciprocals of each other, the lines must be perpendicular.

Parallel
Lines that are parallel have equal slopes. Lines that are perpendicular have slopes that are negative reciprocals of each other. To determine the slope of the second line, put its equation in slopeintercept form:
The slopeintercept form of a line is y = mx + b, where m represents the slope and b represents the yintercept. The first equation shows that the slope of the line is
and the second equation shows that the slope of the other line is also
Because the two slopes are equal, the lines must be parallel.