Exposure in Digital Photography

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Taking Digital Photos in Scene Modes

Many cameras now offer scene modes. These special picture-taking modes automatically flip all the available focus and exposure controls to settings that work best for different types of subject matter. [more…]

Using Histograms to Correct Your Digital Images

A histogram is a chart with 256 closely spaced vertical bars, usually forming a curve. In a histogram of your digital image, the left side of the curve represents the darkest tones in your image, the right [more…]

Using Different Exposure Methods on Your Digital Camera

The brightness or darkness of your digital camera’s image depends on exposure — the amount of light that hits the image-sensor array. The more light (the greater the exposure), the brighter the image. [more…]

Adjusting Your Digital Camera’s Light Sensitivity by Changing Its ISO Setting

Many digital cameras offer a choice of ISO settings, which indicate the light sensitivity of the camera’s imaging sensor. The higher the ISO number, the more quickly the camera reacts to light. A high [more…]

Choosing a Digital Camera Metering Mode

Many digital cameras offer a choice of autoexposure metering modes. Metering mode means the way in which the camera’s autoexposure mechanism meters — measures — the light in the scene while calculating [more…]

Using Your Digital Camera’s Fill Flash to Light a Photo

When you set your digital camera to fill flash (also called forced flash), the flash always goes off, regardless of the amount of light in the scene. Fill-flash mode is especially helpful for outdoor shots [more…]

Reducing Red Eye in Your Digital Photos by Using the Flash

The so-called camera red-eye problem happens when the flash reflects in the subject’s eyes, giving them a red glint. Your digital camera’s red-eye reduction mode aims to thwart this phenomenon by firing [more…]

Compensate for Backlighting when Taking Digital Photos

When the sun or a bright background is behind a subject (backlighting it), your digital camera frequently adjusts to the backlighting, rather than the subject, leaving the subject in the dark. Prevent [more…]

How to Use Automatic Exposure on Your Digital Camera

Most digital cameras offer an autoexposure mode, sometimes called programmed autoexposure. This feature does just what its name implies: The camera reads the light in the scene and then sets the exposure [more…]

How to Use Your Digital Camera’s Semi-automatic Exposure Options

In addition to regular autoexposure mode, where your digital camera sets both aperture and shutter speed, your camera may offer aperture-priority autoexposure or shutter-priority autoexposure. These options [more…]

Camera Metering Modes for Your Canon EOS 7D

You can choose how your digital camera meters a scene to determine the exposure. Your Canon EOS 7D has the following metering modes from which to pick: [more…]

A Quick Guide to Automatic Exposure Modes on Your Nikon D3100

For people new to digital SLR cameras, the D3100 offers the following automatic settings that enable point-and-shoot photography. To access modes other than Auto and Auto Flash Off, set the Mode dial to [more…]

Advanced Exposure Modes for Your Nikon D3100 Digital Camera

To really take creative control with your Nikon D3100, step up to one of these four exposure modes, which enable you to adjust aperture (f-stop) to manipulate depth of field [more…]

Automatic Exposure Modes on Your Nikon D5100 Camera

The Nikon D5100 digital SLR camera offers automatic settings that enable point-and-shoot photography. The settings listed here help you capture the most common types of subjects; just set the Mode dial [more…]

Advanced Exposure Modes for Your Nikon D5100 Digital Camera

To really take creative control with your Nikon D5100, step up to one of these exposure modes, which enable you to adjust aperture (f-stop) to manipulate depth of field [more…]

Use Aperture Priority in Macro Photography

In digital macro photography, aperture determines how much light enters your lens during an exposure, but it’s mostly known for its ability to control [more…]

Maximize Sharp Detail in Macro Photography

In close-up or macro photography, some subjects (or scenes) work best when photographed with a great depth of field, while others work best when photographed with a shallow depth of field. [more…]

Avoid Motion Blur in Macro and Close-Up Photography

The ability to freeze the action in a scene is important in macro and close-up photography. The slightest breeze can cause lightweight subjects such as flowers to sway in and out of your frame, and some [more…]

Control Aperture and Shutter Speed in Macro Photography

In macro and close-up photography, many situations require you to control both the aperture and shutter speed to achieve the compositional results you want. If you prefer to have maximum control over your [more…]

Adjust ISO in Digital Macro Photography

In close-up and macro photography, ISO can be as important as aperture and shutter speed in determining the look of an image. A composition that requires a large aperture and a slow shutter speed lets [more…]

Use a Flash in Digital Macro Photography

The battery-operated flash is an ideal artificial light source for macro and close-up photography because it’s lightweight, small, and lets you control how much light it emits. [more…]

Use Natural Light for Close-Up and Macro Photography

Many people prefer to use natural light in macro and close-up photography. You may choose not to use artificial light sources because you don’t like the quality of light you get from a flash, you don’t [more…]

Emphasize Movement in Macro and Close-Up Photography

You normally want to avoid motion blur in macro and close-up photography, but when used creatively, it can provide interest and aesthetic quality to your images. [more…]

Set Your Shutter-Priority Mode for Dog Action Shots

Because your dog will be moving at lightning-fast speed during most of these activities, you should adjust your camera settings before you start the activity. Switch to shutter-priority [more…]

Set Up Exposure Compensation for HDR Photography

Exposure compensation bracketing is a fantastic workaround for compact digital cameras when you want to take high dynamic range photos. It enables you to take a camera without manual controls or auto bracketing [more…]

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