Languages are made up of separate parts of speech, which all work together to create meaningful conversations. Here’s a list of the top eight parts of speech, with examples to show you how you use them in everyday speech.

  • Noun: Names a person, place, thing, idea (Lulu, jail, cantaloupe, loyalty, and so on).

  • Pronoun: Takes the place of a noun (he, who, I, what, and so on).

  • Verb: Expresses action or being (scrambled, was, should win, and so on).

  • Adjective: Modifies a noun or pronoun (messy, strange, alien, and so on).

  • Adverb: Modifies a verb, adjective or other adverb (willingly, woefully, very, and so on).

  • Preposition: Relates a noun or a pronoun to another word in the sentence (by, for, from, and so on).

  • Conjunction: Ties two words or groups of words together (and, after, although, and so on).

  • Interjection: Expresses strong emotion (yikes! wow! ouch! and so on).

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English Grammar For Dummies Cheat Sheet (Australia/New Zealand Edition)

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