Expressing Desire, Obligation, and Age with the Spanish Verb Tener
Conjugating the Reflexive Spanish Verb Llamarse (to Call Oneself)
Conjugating the Spanish Verb Bajar (to Go Down)

Conjugating the Spanish Verb Dormir (to Sleep)

Spanish verbs fall into different groups, and each group is conjugated a little differently. If you’re going to master Spanish verbs like dormir, you need to be able to identify which group a verb belongs to: regular (follows regular conjugation rules for -ar, -er, and -ir verbs), stem-changing (morphs depending on how you use it in a sentence), spelling-changing (has consonant-spelling changes in some forms to follow pronunciation rules), or reflexive (reflects the action back on the subject of the sentence).

In the present tense, dormir (dohr-meer) (to sleep) has an o-to-ue stem change in all but the nosotros and vosotros forms. Here’s the present tense conjugation:

The Present Tense of Dormir
Conjugation Translation
yo duermo I sleep
tú duermes You (informal) sleep
él/ella/ello/uno duerme He/she/one sleeps
usted duerme You (formal) sleep
nosotros dormimos We sleep
vosotros dormís You all (informal) sleep
ellos/ellas duermen They sleep
ustedes duermen You all (formal) sleep

The following examples show you dormir in action:

  • ¿Duermes bien, José? (Do you sleep well, José?)

  • Sí. Yo duermo bien todas las noches. (Yes. I sleep well every night.)

In the preterit, dormir undergoes an o-to-u stem change in the third-person singular and third-person plural forms only. All the other forms conjugate normally. Take a look.

The Preterit Tense of Dormir
Conjugation Translation
yo dormí I slept
tú dormiste You (informal) slept
él/ella/ello/uno durmió He/she/one slept
usted durmió You (formal) slept
nosotros dormimos We slept
vosotros dormisteis You all (informal) slept
ellos/ellas durmieron They slept
ustedes durmieron You all (formal) slept

You use the preterit tense like this:

  • La profesora durmió. (The professor slept.)

  • Cristina y María durmieron en mi casa. (Cristina and María slept in my house.)

You’re off the hook with the stem change in the imperfect and future forms; dormir conjugates normally in these tenses. Check out the following tables and examples.

The Imperfect Tense of Dormir
Conjugation Translation
yo dormía I used to sleep
tú dormías You (informal) used to sleep
él/ella/ello/uno dormía He/she/one used to sleep
usted dormía You (formal) used to sleep
nosotros dormíamos We used to sleep
vosotros dormíais You all (informal) used to sleep
ellos/ellas dormían They used to sleep
ustedes dormían You all (formal) used to sleep

Here are some examples of the imperfect tense:

  • Mi padre dormía y roncaba. (My father used to sleep and snore.)

  • ¿Dormíais vosotros en clase? (Did you used to sleep in class?)

The Future Tense of Dormir
Conjugation Translation
yo dormiré I will sleep
tú dormirás You (informal) will sleep
él/ella/ello/uno dormirá He/she/one will sleep
usted dormirá You (formal) will sleep
nosotros dormiramos We will sleep
vosotros dormiréis You all (informal) will sleep
ellos/ellas dormirán They will sleep
ustedes dormirán You all (formal) will sleep

The following samples put the future tense to work:

  • ¿Dormirán ustedes junto al lago? (Will you sleep near the lake?)

  • No. Dormiremos en la cabina. (No. We will sleep in the cabin.)

blog comments powered by Disqus
Understanding When to Use the Spanish Pluperfect Subjunctive
Conjugating the Spanish Verb Vender (to Sell)
Forming the Subjunctive of Spelling- and Stem-Changing Spanish Verbs
Conjugating the Spanish Verb Hablar (to Speak)
Conjugating the Spanish Verb Vivir (to Live)