In molecular and cell biology, central dogma is the passage of information from DNA to RNA to protein. Here's a brief breakdown of central dogma's process:

ProcessWhat Is Made?What Is Template?Important MoleculesStarts AtEnds When
Replication DNA DNA DNA polymerase, primase, helicase, DNA ligase, topoisomerase Origin of replication (ORI) Replication forks meet
Transcription RNA DNA RNA polymerase Promoter Termination sequence
Translation Polypeptide (protein) mRNA Ribosome, tRNA Start codon (AUG) Stop codon (UAA, UGA, UAG)