Add a Web Part to Your Page in SharePoint 2010
A Web Part is an individual component of content that can be placed on a SharePoint 2010 page, in either zone in a Web Part page or in Rich Content areas of the Wiki Content home page. Web Parts can be moved, added and deleted, framed by borders and titles, and closed and reopened depending on your need.
In a team site, you may place List View Web Parts on your home page for your users to read and access items from your libraries/lists, such as announcements, documents, links, calendars, and contacts. You can add text for additional instructions and images to enhance the collaboration experience.
The Web Parts based on your libraries and lists are List View Web Parts. Over the versions of SharePoint, the number and complexity of Web Parts has grown considerably.
Some of these Web Parts can be used only if certain functionality is enabled in your site, such as Business Data Sources to use the Business Data Web Parts. Other categories of Web Parts, such as Content Rollup Web Parts, provide the ability to feed data from lower-level sites to a site higher in the hierarchy, such as the home page of an intranet.
SharePoint 2010 has a new interface for selecting and inserting Web Parts. The Web Part section of the Ribbon on the Page tab first shows a list of Web Part categories and then all the parts contained in that category. When the Web Part name is highlighted, you can see a description as well as an example of each in the About the Web Part section before inserting it.
Follow these steps to insert a Web Part:
Make sure you're in Edit mode of either the Wiki Content page or the Web Part page (choose Site Actions→Edit Page).
In a Wiki Content page, insert Web Parts into one of the Rich Content containers in the layout. In a Web Part page, insert Web Parts into one of the zones on the page.
In a Web Part page, click in a zone. In a Wiki Content page, click in a Rich Content zone.
The Insert tab appears on the Ribbon.
Because a Web Part page can contain only Web Parts, the Insert tab buttons for text and images actually insert a Content Editor Web Part or an Image View Web Part, respectively, for those selections.
To insert a Web Part, click the Web Part button on the Insert tab.
Categories of Web Parts appear in a list box on the far left. As you pick a category, the Web Parts contained in that category appear in the adjoining list box. As you highlight a Web Part name, a description and example appear in the About the Web Part section in the top right.
After you decide on a Web Part, click and drag the Web Part name into the zone or Rich Content area you wish to place it in.
In a Wiki Content page, you can also use the Add button under About the Web Part section to insert the Web Part into the Rich Content section your cursor is in.
In a Web Part page, the About the Web Part section contains a drop-down list containing the names of all the zones on the page. You can select the zone and then click the Add button. In any case, the Web Part is placed on the page.
Modify the Web Part properties by clicking the Edit drop-down list (in the far right of the Web Part title) and choosing Modify Shared Web Part.
Web Parts can be moved in a Web Part page or a Wiki Content page simply by dragging them from one zone or area to another.