By Lisa Zimmer Hatch, Scott A. Hatch, Amy Hackney Blackwell

The LSAT involves a section of questioning called analytical reasoning. You will definitely benefit from some practice when it comes to these questions. Take a look at the following examples to get an idea of what you will face on test day.

Analytical reasoning sample questions

A yoga studio offers classes in three kinds of yoga: ashtanga, bikram, and iyengar. It has five instructors — Caroline, Janice, Marty, Suzanne, and Virginia — each of whom teaches at least one of and as many as three of these kinds of yoga. The following conditions apply:

Exactly two of the instructors teach classes in the same kind or kinds of yoga.

Marty and Suzanne both teach iyengar.

Caroline and Marty each teach fewer kinds of yoga than Janice.

Caroline does not teach any kind of yoga taught by Virginia.

Virginia does not teach any kind of yoga taught by Janice.

  1. Which one of the following must be true?

    • (A) Caroline teaches fewer kinds of yoga than Virginia does.

    • (B) Marty teaches fewer kinds of yoga than Suzanne does.

    • (C) Suzanne teaches fewer kinds of yoga than Janice does.

    • (D) Virginia teaches fewer kinds of yoga than Janice does.

    • (E) Virginia teaches fewer kinds of yoga than Suzanne does.

  2. If Virginia does not teach iyengar, then which one of the following must be true?

    • (A) Janice teaches bikram.

    • (B) Janice teaches iyengar.

    • (C) Marty teaches ashtanga.

    • (D) Suzanne teaches ashtanga.

    • (E) Virginia teaches bikram.

  3. Which one of the following could be a complete and accurate list of the instructors who teach only bikram?

    • (A) Caroline

    • (B) Janice

    • (C) Caroline, Virginia

    • (D) Marty, Suzanne

    • (E) Caroline, Suzanne, Virginia

  4. Which one of the following could be a complete and accurate list of the instructors who teach iyengar?

    • (A) Marty, Suzanne

    • (B) Janice, Suzanne

    • (C) Caroline, Janice, Suzanne

    • (D) Caroline, Marty, Suzanne

    • (E) Janice, Marty, Suzanne

  5. How many instructors must teach only one kind of yoga?

    • (A) one

    • (B) two

    • (C) three

    • (D) four

    • (E) five

  6. If exactly three instructors teach ashtanga, which one of the following could be true?

    • (A) Caroline teaches iyengar.

    • (B) Janice does not teach ashtanga.

    • (C) Marty teaches ashtanga.

    • (D) Suzanne teaches bikram.

    • (E) Suzanne does not teach ashtanga.

Answers

  1. D. Virginia teaches fewer kinds of yoga than Janice does.

  2. B. Janice teaches iyengar.

  3. A. Caroline

  4. E. Janice, Marty, Suzanne

  5. C. three

  6. D. Suzanne teaches bikram.