Reasoning through Language Arts Writing Skills Practice

By Murray Shukyn, Dale E. Shuttleworth, Achim K. Krull

For the questions on the Reasoning through Language Arts section of the GED, pay special attention to the mechanics of writing, spelling, and grammar. Work carefully, but don’t spend too much time on any one question. Be sure you answer every question.

Sample questions

Questions 1–9 refer to the following executive summary.

Marketing

Dry-Cleaning and Laundering Industry Adjustment Committee Report on the Local Labor Market Partnership Project

April 2007–August 2009

Executive Summary

(A)

(1) Over the past two years, the Dry-Cleaning and Laundering Industry Adjustment Committee has worked hard to become a cohesive group focused on assessing and addressing the human resource implications associated with changes in the fabricare industry.

(2) As of August 2009, the Committee has an active membership of over 15 individuals involved in all aspects of the project. (3) The Committee, which has great difficulty speaking with one voice, has taken responsibility for undertaking actions that will benefit this large, highly fragmented industry.

(B)

(4) During the initial period that the Committee was in existence, its work focused on outreaching to and building a relationship with key individuals within the industry. (5) One of its first steps was to undertake a Needs Assessment Survey within the industry.

(C)

(6) During the first year, the Committee explored ways of meeting the needs identified in the Needs Assessment Survey, including raising the profile of the industry and offering on-site training programs, particularly in the areas of spotting and pressing. (7) A great deal of feasibility work was undertaken during this phase yet each possible training solution proved to be extremely difficult and costly to implement.

(D)

(8) As the Committee moved into its second year, it officially established a joint project with the National Fabricare Association to achieve goals in two priority areas: mentorship, training, and profile building.

(E)

(9) During this passed year, much effort and vision has gone into achieving the goals established by the Industry Adjustment Committee and the Association. (10) The new priority areas have provided an opportunity for the industry to do the following

  • Introduce technology

  • Build capacity and knowledge

  • Enhance skills

  • Build partnerships and networks

  1. Sentence 1: Over the past two years, the Dry-Cleaning and Laundering Industry Adjustment Committee has worked hard to become a cohesive group focused on assessing and addressing the human resource implications associated with changes in the fabricare industry.

    Which is the best way to improve Sentence 1?

    • (A) remove the comma after years

    • (B) place a period after group and start a new sentence beginning with It has focused on

    • (C) place a comma after group

    • (D) change focused to focussed

  2. Sentence 2: As of August 2009, the Committee has an active membership of over 15 individuals involved in all aspects of the project.

    Which revision should be made to Sentence 2?

    • (A) change has to have

    • (B) change individuals to individual’s

    • (C) change aspects to aspect

    • (D) emove over

  3. Sentence 3: The Committee, which has great difficulty speaking with one voice, has taken responsibility for undertaking actions that will benefit this large, highly fragmented industry.

    Which revision is required to improve Sentence 3?

    • (A) remove the comma after large

    • (B) change Committee to committee

    • (C) move , which has great difficulty speaking with one voice, to the end of the sentence after industry

    • (D) no correction required

  4. Sentence 4: During the initial period that the Committee was in existence, its work focused on outreaching to and building a relationship with key individuals within the industry.

    Which correction should be made to Sentence 4?

    • (A) change its to it’s

    • (B) change outreaching to to reaching out to

    • (C) place a comma after the period

    • (D) change outreaching to out-reaching

  5. Sentence 5: One of its first steps was to undertake a Needs Assessment Survey within the industry.

    Which change should be made to Sentence 5?

    • (A) change first to 1st

    • (B) change within to with

    • (C) change was to were

    • (D) no correction required

  6. Sentence 6: During the first year, the Committee explored ways of meeting the needs identified in the Needs Assessment Survey, including raising the profile of the industry and offering on-site training programs, particularly in the areas of spotting and pressing.

    Which is the best way to improve Sentence 6?

    • (A) insert a comma after including

    • (B) place a period after Survey and start a new sentence with These included

    • (C) replace the comma after survey with a semicolon and add a comma after including

    • (D) no correction required

  7. 7Sentence 7: A great deal of feasibility work was undertaken during this phase yet each possible training solution proved to be extremely difficult and costly to implement.

    Which correction should be made to0 Sentence 7?

    • (A) change was to were

    • (B) change undertaken to undertook

    • (C) insert a comma after undertaken

    • (D) insert a comma after phase

  8. Sentence 8: As the Committee moved into its second year, it officially established a joint project with the National Fabricare Association to achieve goals in three priority areas: mentorship, training, and profile building.

    What correction should be made to Sentence 8?

    • (A) change its to it’s

    • (B) change its to their

    • (C) change the comma after year to a semicolon

    • (D) no correction required

  9. Sentence 9: During this passed year, much effort and vision has gone into achieving the goals established by the Industry Adjustment Committee and the Association.

    What correction should be made to Sentence 9?

    • (A) insert a comma after Committee

    • (B) change passed to past

    • (C) change into to in

    • (D) change goals to goal

Answers

  1. B.

  2. D.

  3. C.

  4. B.

  5. D.

  6. B.

  7. D.

  8. D.

  9. B.